Volume 43 Issue 12
Dec.  2022
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ZHOU Xiaoxiao, ZHANG Xiang, JIANG Ye, JIN Yiyuan, WANG Zirui, LU Xin. Epidemiological characteristics of overweight and obesity among primary and secondary school students in Taizhou from 2013 to 2020[J]. CHINESE JOURNAL OF SCHOOL HEALTH, 2022, 43(12): 1885-1888. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2022.12.030
Citation: ZHOU Xiaoxiao, ZHANG Xiang, JIANG Ye, JIN Yiyuan, WANG Zirui, LU Xin. Epidemiological characteristics of overweight and obesity among primary and secondary school students in Taizhou from 2013 to 2020[J]. CHINESE JOURNAL OF SCHOOL HEALTH, 2022, 43(12): 1885-1888. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2022.12.030

Epidemiological characteristics of overweight and obesity among primary and secondary school students in Taizhou from 2013 to 2020

doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2022.12.030
  • Received Date: 2022-06-07
  • Rev Recd Date: 2022-09-20
  • Available Online: 2022-12-30
  • Publish Date: 2022-12-25
  •   Objective  To analysis the epidemiological characteristics of overweight and obesity among middle school students in Taizhou from 2013 to 2020, to provide support for prevention and control efforts.  Methods  Through stratified sampling, one primary school, one junior middle school and one senior high school were randomly selected from nine counties (cities and districts) in Taizhou, and continuous monitoring was conducted in all participants Height, weight and other variables were assessed and body mass index was calculated. The epidemic characteristics were analyzed according to the detection rate, fixed base ratio, sequential growth ratio and average growth rate.  Results  From 2013 to 2020, the overall overweight rate among primary and middle school students in Taizhou was 14.5%(36 592/252 583), and the obesity rate was 11.2%(28 256/252 583). The rates of overweight and obesity increased, with average annual growth rates of 1.9% and 5.5%, respectively; thus, the rate of obesity increased more rapidly. The obesity rate was higher among boys (13.2%) than girls (9.0%)(χ2=1 119.57, P < 0.01), and the average annual growth rate was higher among girls than boys (6.1%, 5.2%, respectively). The rate of overweight among boys (17.6%) was higher than that among girls (10.9%)(χ2=2 307.35, P < 0.01). The average annual growth rate of overweight in girls was 2.3% and 1.7%, respectively. The obesity rate among primary school students (17.5%) was higher than that among middle school (9.7%) and high school (4.9%) students(χ2=7 291.33, P < 0.01). The average annual growth rate in students in middle school was fastest, followed by those in high and primary schools (6.5%, 3.9% and 2.6%, respectively). The rate of overweight in primary school students (15.8%) was higher than that in middle school students (15.3%), and both were higher than that in high school students(12.2%)(χ2=521.06, P < 0.01). The average annual growth rate was also fastest in students in middle school, followed by high and primary schools (2.4%, 2.2% and 0.6%, respectively).  Conclusion  The detection rate of overweight and obesity among primary and middle school students in Taizhou is high and increasing rapidly, indicating high pressure on prevention and control. Boys and primary school students are the key target groups for prevention and control. Comprehensive prevention and control strategies should be adopted specifically.
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