Volume 43 Issue 5
May  2022
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XIAO Pei, ZHOU Xinhong, ZHOU Jianrong, JIANG Qi, FENG Yanan, WU Xiaoqian, XIANG Zhen, ZOU Li, SONG Ranran. Correlation between physical fitness and reading ability among school-aged children[J]. CHINESE JOURNAL OF SCHOOL HEALTH, 2022, 43(5): 784-787. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2022.05.034
Citation: XIAO Pei, ZHOU Xinhong, ZHOU Jianrong, JIANG Qi, FENG Yanan, WU Xiaoqian, XIANG Zhen, ZOU Li, SONG Ranran. Correlation between physical fitness and reading ability among school-aged children[J]. CHINESE JOURNAL OF SCHOOL HEALTH, 2022, 43(5): 784-787. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2022.05.034

Correlation between physical fitness and reading ability among school-aged children

doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2022.05.034
  • Received Date: 2021-11-25
  • Rev Recd Date: 2021-12-28
  • Available Online: 2022-05-20
  • Publish Date: 2022-05-25
  •   Objective  To determine the association between physical health fitness with Chinese reading ability of school-aged children, so as to provide evidence for improving children's reading ability.  Methods  A questionnaire survey was conducted among 1 923 school-aged children in grades 2-6 in a primary school in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China.The questionnaire included basic demographic information and Dyslexia Checklist for Chinese Children and the Pupil Rating Scale-Revised Screening.At the same time, participants underwent physical fitness tests which included an assessment of height, weight, and lung capacity, as well as a 50-meter run, sit-forward bend, one-minute skipping rope task, sit-ups, and a 50 × 8 round trip.  Results  A total of 59 children were identified with dyslexia.Normal children achieved higher scores than children with dyslexia in the total physical health score, as well as the one-minute skipping rope score, one-minute sit-up score, and sitting forward score (P < 0.05).Multiple linear regression analyses showed that the reading ability of girls was higher than that of boys (β=-3.04, P < 0.01), and the children who regularly participated in more intense physical activity and who had higher fitness scores had a higher reading ability (β=-1.68, -0.08, P < 0.01).Children's reading ability increased significantly with parental educational level (P < 0.05).  Conclusion  Gender, parents'education level, physical exercise intensity, and children's physical fitness were identified as influencing factors of school-age children's reading ability.A positive correlation was found between children's physical health level and reading ability.
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