Volume 43 Issue 5
May  2022
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CHENG Zuheng, LI Gongping, WANG Yiran, XIAO Yufang, YANG Xinguo. Effects of hypnotherapy on pain self-efficacy and coping styles in female college students with primary dysmenorrhea[J]. CHINESE JOURNAL OF SCHOOL HEALTH, 2022, 43(5): 658-662. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2022.05.005
Citation: CHENG Zuheng, LI Gongping, WANG Yiran, XIAO Yufang, YANG Xinguo. Effects of hypnotherapy on pain self-efficacy and coping styles in female college students with primary dysmenorrhea[J]. CHINESE JOURNAL OF SCHOOL HEALTH, 2022, 43(5): 658-662. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2022.05.005

Effects of hypnotherapy on pain self-efficacy and coping styles in female college students with primary dysmenorrhea

doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2022.05.005
  • Received Date: 2022-02-01
  • Rev Recd Date: 2022-03-10
  • Available Online: 2022-05-20
  • Publish Date: 2022-05-25
  •   Objective  To investigate the effect of hypnotherapy on improving pain degree, pain catastrophizing, pain self-efficacy, coping styles of female college students with primary dysmenorrhea, and to provide the theoretical support for psychological intervention.  Methods  Fifty-six female college students with primary dysmenorrhea were randomly divided into experimental group(n=28) and control group(n=28).Samples in the experimental group received 10-session structured hypnotherapy, while the control group received no intervention (the control group could receive the intervention when the intervention was proved to be effective).The effects were evaluated with Numerical Rating Scale (NRS), Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS), Pain Self-Efficacy Questionnaire(PSEQ), was proved to be effective.The effects were evaluated with Numerical Rating Scale (NRS), Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS), Pain Self-Efficacy Questionnaire(PSEQ), Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire(SCSQ)in the pretest, protest and tracking test.  Results  The time effect, group effect and time-group interaction on the NRS, PCS, PSEQ scores of the two groups of female college students were all statistically significant (F=12.83, 21.77, 13.65; 22.96, 28.98, 24.84;25.35, 18.26, 27.02, P < 0.01).Immediately after the intervention and 3 months after the intervention, the scores of SCSQ positive coping dimension of the experimental group(1.43±0.35, 1.50±0.39)were significantly higher than those of the control group(1.22±0.19, 1.20±0.21), and the scores of SCSQ negative coping dimension of the experimental group(1.59±0.38, 1.52±0.49)were significantly lower than those of the control group(1.80±0.17, 1.80±0.20), the differences were all statistically significant (P < 0.05);There were statistical differences among time effect, group effect and time-group interaction on the positive coping and negative coping scores of SCSQ (F=15.14, 4.29, 14.37;7.66, 4.10, 6.95, P < 0.05).  Conclusion  Hypnotherapy intervention for female college students with primary dysmenorrhea can effectively alleviate pain degree, and improve the pain catastrophizing and coping styles, enhance their pain self-efficacy. The hypnotherapy also shows long-term effects.
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