Volume 42 Issue 4
Apr.  2021
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Article Contents
WU Nan, ZHANG Wanjun, DU Mengxue, JIANG Minmin, WANG Jing, FANG Zhengmei, ZHU Lijun, JIN Yuelong, CHEN Yan, YAO Yingshui. Depression and anxiety and assciated factors among college students returned to campus during the outbreak of COVID-19[J]. CHINESE JOURNAL OF SCHOOL HEALTH, 2021, 42(4): 602-605, 610. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.04.028
Citation: WU Nan, ZHANG Wanjun, DU Mengxue, JIANG Minmin, WANG Jing, FANG Zhengmei, ZHU Lijun, JIN Yuelong, CHEN Yan, YAO Yingshui. Depression and anxiety and assciated factors among college students returned to campus during the outbreak of COVID-19[J]. CHINESE JOURNAL OF SCHOOL HEALTH, 2021, 42(4): 602-605, 610. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.04.028

Depression and anxiety and assciated factors among college students returned to campus during the outbreak of COVID-19

doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.04.028
  • Received Date: 2020-09-08
  • Rev Recd Date: 2020-12-25
  • Available Online: 2021-04-16
  • Publish Date: 2021-04-25
  •   Objective  The purpose of this study was to investigate the state of depression and anxiety and assciated factors of back-to-school college students during the outbreak of COVID-19, so as to provide theoretical basis for emotional counseling and psychological crisis intervention after long-term school closure due to epidemic outbreak.  Methods  Cluster sampling was used to select the first batch of 2 697 back-to-school students in a high vocational college. The survey content includes basic information questionnaire, Depression Self-rating Scale (SDS) and Anxiety Self-rating Scale(SAS).  Results  The detection rate of depression and anxiety was 31.8% and 10.4% respectively. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that the risk of depression in female college students was 1.28 times higher than that in male students. The risk of depression among college students with family loss experience caused by the outbreak of COVID-19 was 1.30 times that of those without family loss experience caused by the outbreak of COVID-19. Outgoing personality(OR=0.62), neutral (OR=0.55) and mild temper(OR=0.46), moderate frequency of physical exercise per week(1-2 times: OR=0.73, 3-4 times: OR=0.65) were protective effects for depression in college students.Low frequency of breakfast were the risk effects for depression in college. The risk of anxiety among college students who was the only child in the family was 1.61 times higher than that who was not the only child in the family. The risk of anxiety among college students with family loss experience caused by the outbreak of COVID-19 was 1.45 times higher than that college students without family loss experience caused by the outbreak of COVID-19. Neutral temper, mild temper and physical exercise 1-2 times a week were associated with lower level of anxiety in college students(OR=0.67, 0.56, 0.67). Breakfast skipping (OR=2.03) was associated with higher levvel of anxiety in college students.  Conclusions  During the outbreak of COVID-19, the first batch of back-to-school college students presented high level of depression. Colleges are suggested to promptly carry out effective emotional relief and psychological intervention for students, especially those whose family suffered in COVID-19, the only child in the family, with poor breakfast eating habits, as well as breakfast skipping and lack of physical exercise.
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