Volume 44 Issue 11
Nov.  2023
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LI Ke, YANG Kunpeng, ZHANG Shanshan. Effect of Wuqinxi on the psychological state and prefrontal oxygenated hemoglobin of female college students with subliminal depression[J]. CHINESE JOURNAL OF SCHOOL HEALTH, 2023, 44(11): 1702-1707. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2023.11.024
Citation: LI Ke, YANG Kunpeng, ZHANG Shanshan. Effect of Wuqinxi on the psychological state and prefrontal oxygenated hemoglobin of female college students with subliminal depression[J]. CHINESE JOURNAL OF SCHOOL HEALTH, 2023, 44(11): 1702-1707. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2023.11.024

Effect of Wuqinxi on the psychological state and prefrontal oxygenated hemoglobin of female college students with subliminal depression

doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2023.11.024
  • Received Date: 2023-06-14
  • Rev Recd Date: 2023-08-27
  • Available Online: 2023-11-27
  • Publish Date: 2023-11-25
  •   Objective  To observe the effect of dynamic and static combination of Wuqinxi on the psychological state and prefrontal oxygenated hemoglobin of female college students with subliminal depression (SD), so as to provide a high-quality reference for optimizing their interventional measures.  Methods  A total of 72 female college students with SD in their third year of two semesters in the 2021-2022 academic year of Chongqing Second Normal University were randomly divided into a control group, an observation group 1, and an observation group 2.The control group received routine psychological intervention once a week, 20 minutes/time, while the observation group 1 received Wuqinxi exercise twice a day for about 30 minutes on the basis of the control group.The observation group 2 received a combination of dynamic and static Wuqinxi exercise on the basis of the control group, Wuqinxi dynamic exercise combined with Wuqinxi exercise guided imagination training about 20 minutes/time.All three groups received 12 weeks of intervention.Observe the Chinese version of the Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD-24), Subthreshold Depression Scale (STDS), and Symptom Checklist-90(SCL-90) before and after intervention, and collect serum γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and plasma adrenocor ticotropic hormone (ACTH), and the concentration of oxyhemoglobin (Oxy Hb) in the prefrontal lobe were detected by functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS).  Results  The results showed that the HAMD-24 and STDS scores of the two groups (11.33±1.29, 53.08±2.31) were lower than those of the control group and observation group 1(18.27±2.02, 73.60±4.05;15.19±1.92, 64.58±2.69), with statistically significant differences (F=8.64, 11.85, P < 0.05).Observing that the six dimensions of somatization, interpersonal, depression, anxiety, hostility psychoticism in the SCL-90 scale were lower in the two groups than in the other two groups (F=3.68, 9.83, 10.37, 5.85, 3.05, 7.46, P < 0.05).The plasma ACTH levels in the observation group were lower than those in the other two groups, while the peak concentration of Oxy Hb was higher than those in the other two groups (F=3.27, 6.08, P < 0.05).The serum GABA levels were higher than those in the control group, and there was no difference compared to the observation group 1(P>0.05).  Conclusion  The combination of dynamic and static Wuqinxi training can improve the psychological state of female college students with subthreshold depression, alleviate the depressive symptoms, possibly through increase of prefrontal oxygenated hemoglobin.
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