Volume 44 Issue 11
Nov.  2023
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TONG Min, WANG Li, MAIHELIYAKEZI Tuersunniyazi, LU Yan, ZHANG Shumin, SHI Huijing. Reliability and validity assessment of Daily Stressors Evaluation Questionnaire for Primary School Students[J]. CHINESE JOURNAL OF SCHOOL HEALTH, 2023, 44(11): 1697-1701. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2023.11.023
Citation: TONG Min, WANG Li, MAIHELIYAKEZI Tuersunniyazi, LU Yan, ZHANG Shumin, SHI Huijing. Reliability and validity assessment of Daily Stressors Evaluation Questionnaire for Primary School Students[J]. CHINESE JOURNAL OF SCHOOL HEALTH, 2023, 44(11): 1697-1701. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2023.11.023

Reliability and validity assessment of Daily Stressors Evaluation Questionnaire for Primary School Students

doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2023.11.023
  • Received Date: 2023-09-11
  • Rev Recd Date: 2023-09-25
  • Available Online: 2023-11-27
  • Publish Date: 2023-11-25
  •   Objective  To develop the Daily Stressor Evaluation Questionnaire for Primary School Students and to evaluate the reliability and validity of the questionnaire.  Methods  In November 2020, a convenience sampling method was used to conduct semi-structured interviews with 10 primary school students in Jiading District, Shanghai.Through literature review, semi-structured interviews, and expert consultation, 59 question items were developed, and 138 elementary school students in 2 districts in Shanghai were selected for a pre-survey in March 2021, and the formal questionnaire was formed after item screening and parallel analysis.Stratified cluster sampling was used to survey a total of 1 618 fourth-and fifth-grade students enrolled in five elementary schools in Jiading District, Shanghai from April to May, 2021, to further test the reliability of the questionnaire.  Results  The Daily Stressor Evaluation Questionnaire for Primary School Students contained 4 dimensions and 22 items in total.The internal consistency test showed that cronbach α coefficient of the questionnaire was 0.904 and Cronbach α coefficient of each dimension was between 0.689 to 0.803.The Guttman split-half reliability was 0.885 and ranged from 0.582 to 0.732 for each dimension.The results of the validation factor analysis showed that the χ2/df of the questionnaire was less than 4, the root mean square error of approximation was less than 0.08, and the Tueker-Lewis index and comparative fit index were above 0.80.The critical value of using the ROC curve to evaluate the questionnaire was 31 points.At this point, the area under the curve was determined to be 0.783, while the sensitivity and specificity were found to be 71.43% and 73.39%, respectively.Additionally, the positive predictive value and negative predictive value were calculated to be 23.26% and 95.79%, respectively.  Conclusion  The Daily Stressor Evaluation Questionnaire for Primary School Students developed in this study has good reliability and validity and can be used as an assessment tool for evaluating stressors in primary school students.
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