Volume 44 Issue 11
Nov.  2023
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PEI Yaxing, WANG Xuechun, KONG Lingmin, RAN Xiaoyu, WEI Mengke, GAO Jie. Analysis of the correlation between sleep and mental health among primary and secondary school students in Shandong Province[J]. CHINESE JOURNAL OF SCHOOL HEALTH, 2023, 44(11): 1674-1678. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2023.11.018
Citation: PEI Yaxing, WANG Xuechun, KONG Lingmin, RAN Xiaoyu, WEI Mengke, GAO Jie. Analysis of the correlation between sleep and mental health among primary and secondary school students in Shandong Province[J]. CHINESE JOURNAL OF SCHOOL HEALTH, 2023, 44(11): 1674-1678. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2023.11.018

Analysis of the correlation between sleep and mental health among primary and secondary school students in Shandong Province

doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2023.11.018
  • Received Date: 2023-07-18
  • Rev Recd Date: 2023-08-11
  • Available Online: 2023-11-27
  • Publish Date: 2023-11-25
  •   Objective  To investigate the sleep and mental health status of adolescents in Shandong Province, to explore the correlation between sleep and mental health, so as to provide a basis for adolescent physical and mental health management.  Methods  From February to March 2023, a multistage stratified whole cluster sampling method was used to randomly select 3 cities in Shandong Province, one urban area and one township in each city, one junior high school and one senior high school in the urban area and the township, respectively, and then 4 classes were randomly selected from each grade level of each school, and all 3 667 students in the classes were surveyed by using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index Scale (PSQI) short form and the Chinese Middle School Students' Mental Health Inventory (MMHI-60).  Results  The prevalence of sleep deprivation among adolescents in Shandong Province was 37.44%, and the detection rate of psychological problems was 46.41%. Adolescent psychology could be divided into four latent categories: psychological immune group (39.6%), psychological low-risk group (12.2%), psychological medium-risk group (13.2%) and psychological high-risk group (35.0%). Multifactorial Logistic regression analyses showed that gender, school year, sleep duration and sleep quality were influencing factors for the psychological latent categories (OR=1.39-9.55, P < 0.05), and that adolescents with sleep deprivation and poor sleep quality were more inclined to be classified as being in the psychological medium-and high-risk groups.  Conclusions  The sleep and mental health of adolescents in Shandong Province is not very good. Comprehensive prevention and control of psychological problems should not only focus on personality and psychological characteristics, but also need to be combined with the sleep condition of adolescents.
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