Volume 44 Issue 11
Nov.  2023
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HU Wanli, CHEN Zhiwei, QIN Hongzhan, LOU Wenhui, LOU Xiaomin, WU Cuiping. The impact of cumulative ecological risks on health risk behaviors among college students in Henan Province[J]. CHINESE JOURNAL OF SCHOOL HEALTH, 2023, 44(11): 1636-1640. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2023.11.009
Citation: HU Wanli, CHEN Zhiwei, QIN Hongzhan, LOU Wenhui, LOU Xiaomin, WU Cuiping. The impact of cumulative ecological risks on health risk behaviors among college students in Henan Province[J]. CHINESE JOURNAL OF SCHOOL HEALTH, 2023, 44(11): 1636-1640. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2023.11.009

The impact of cumulative ecological risks on health risk behaviors among college students in Henan Province

doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2023.11.009
  • Received Date: 2023-07-20
  • Rev Recd Date: 2023-09-15
  • Available Online: 2023-11-27
  • Publish Date: 2023-11-25
  •   Objective  To determine the current prevalence of health risk behaviors among college students in Henan Province, and to conduct an in-depth analysis of the impact of cumulative ecological risks on health risk behaviors, so as to provide scientific basis for promoting healthy development of adolescents.  Methods  Using a multi-stage stratified cluster sampling method, 9 743 college students from six universities in Henan Province were included as the research subjects from April to June 2023. A questionnaire survey was conducted using the College Student Cumulative Ecological Risk Scale and the China Urban Adolescent Health Related Behavior Survey Questionnaire (University Version). Data were analyzed by descriptive statistical analysis, Chi-square test and binary Logistic regression.  Results  The reporting rates of unhealthy eating behavior, unhealthy weight loss behaviors, lack of physical activity, daily risk behaviors, negative emotions, current smoking behavior current drinking behaviors, Internet addiction emotions and dangerous sexual behaviors among college students in Henan Province were 40.2%, 39.5%, 76.0%, 13.7%, 28.1%, 11.3%, 12.7%, 5.9% and 2.2%, respectively. The reporting rates of negative emotions, current smoking behaviors, current drinking behaviors, dangerous sexual behaviors and daily risk behaviors of college students were higher in boys than in girls (χ2=44.00, 995.20, 902.49, 121.95, 103.09, P < 0.05). In terms of reporting rates of unhealthy diet, unhealthy weight loss and lack of exercise behavior, girls were higher than boys (χ2=107.59, 13.01, 145.83, P < 0.05). Cumulative ecological risk was positively correlated with overall health risk behaviors. For every unit increase in the cumulative ecological risk index, the risk of health risk behaviors among college students increased by 48%.  Conclusions  The prevalence of health risk behaviors among college students is relatively common. It should adrocate for a healthy lifestyle, reduce the cumulative ecological risk and the occurrence of health risk behaviors to promote the healthy development of adolescents.
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