Volume 44 Issue 11
Nov.  2023
Turn off MathJax
Article Contents
CHEN Ting, LIANG Meng, WANG Jiajuan, ZHAO Xin, CHENG Hong, DU Wenjuan, SUN Ruizhe. Physical health status and influencing factors of preschool children in Tibet[J]. CHINESE JOURNAL OF SCHOOL HEALTH, 2023, 44(11): 1626-1630. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2023.11.007
Citation: CHEN Ting, LIANG Meng, WANG Jiajuan, ZHAO Xin, CHENG Hong, DU Wenjuan, SUN Ruizhe. Physical health status and influencing factors of preschool children in Tibet[J]. CHINESE JOURNAL OF SCHOOL HEALTH, 2023, 44(11): 1626-1630. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2023.11.007

Physical health status and influencing factors of preschool children in Tibet

doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2023.11.007
  • Received Date: 2023-07-03
  • Rev Recd Date: 2023-08-23
  • Available Online: 2023-11-27
  • Publish Date: 2023-11-25
  •   Objective  To explore physical health status and influencing factors of preschool children in Tibet, so as to provide a scientific reference and theoretical basis for the healthy development of physical fitness.  Methods  Data were collected from children (3-6 years old) of Xizang national physical fitness monitoring, and a total of 1 521 preschool children were recruited who received questionnaire survey and physical fitness test. Independent sample t-test and one-way ANOVA were used to compare the differences in physical fitness indexes of preschool children in different groups. Chi-square test and binary Logistic regression model were used to analyze the factors affecting physical health of preschool children.  Results  The total qualified rate of physical fitness was 79.75%, among which the excellent rate was 3.16%, the good rate was 15.12%, the qualified rate was 61.47% and the unqualified was 20.25%. From the perspective of BMI, the excellent physical fitness rate (3.74%) and good physical fitness rate (17.47%) were highest in healthy weight preschool children, and the qualified physical fitness rate of overweight preschool children (69.03%) was higher than that of obese (55.88%) and healthy weight preschool children (60.68%)(χ2=53.56, P < 0.01). From the perspective of ethnic, Tibetan children's physique proficiency (3.69%), good rate (17.13%) than with the elevation of the Han nationality (0.74%, 5.88%), fraction defective (16.97%), lower than that of Han nationality (35.29%) (χ2=53.71, P < 0.01); The results of chest circumference, skinfold thickness, body fat percentage, tennis throw distance, continuous jump of both feet, sitting forward bend and balance beam walking of Tibetan children were higher than those of Han children, and the results of quiet heart rate and standing long jump were lower than those of Han children (t=2.72, 10.95, 9.66, 3.68, 3.88, 8.04, 3.56, 8.70, -4.39, -4.40, P < 0.01). Binary Logistic regression analysis showed that Tibetans (OR=2.29), breastfeeding (OR=1.51), body dynamics outdoor daily exercise duration 30-90 min (30- < 60 min: OR=2.03; 60-90 min: OR=2.22) were positively correlated with physical health of preschool children (P < 0.05).  Conclusions  The total physical qualification rate of preschool children aged 3-6 years old in Tibet is lower than the national average. Ethnic group, feeding pattern during infancy, and physical activity are all factors that affected the physical fitness of preschool children in Tibet. It is of great significance to improve the physique of preschool children in Tibet to promote their sustainable and healthy development.
  • loading
  • [1]
    MOHAMMED S H, HABTEWOLD T D, ABDI D D, et al. The relationship between residential altitude and stunting: evidence from >26 000 children living in highlands and lowlands of Ethiopia[J]. Br J Nutr, 2020, 123(8): 934-941. doi: 10.1017/S0007114519003453
    ZHANG Y, SU F, SONG Y, et al. Associations between physical fitness index and body mass index in Tibetan children and adolescents in different high-altitude areas: based on a study in Tibet, China[J]. Int J Environ Res Public Health, 2022, 19(16): 10155. doi: 10.3390/ijerph191610155
    FAN C, SUN R, NIE M, et al. The Cardiorespiratory fitness of children and adolescents in Tibet at altitudes over 3 500 meters[J]. PLoS One, 2021, 16(8): e256258.
    周喆啸. 不同动作水平视角下幼儿身体素质与BMI的特征研究[J]. 中国体育科技, 2020, 56(10): 62-68. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-ZGTY202010008.htm

    ZHOU Z X. Study on characteristics of physical fitness and BMI of young children from different movement levels[J]. Chin Sports Sci Technol, 2020, 56(10): 62-68. (in Chinese) https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-ZGTY202010008.htm
    PRZEDNOWEK K H, NIEWCZAS M, WOJCIK L, et al. Physical fitness percentiles of Polish children aged 4-7 years[J]. Sci Rep, 2021, 11(1): 7367. doi: 10.1038/s41598-021-86903-x
    中华人民共和国国家体育总局. 国民体质测定标准手册幼儿部分[M]. 北京: 人民体育出版社, 2003: 46.

    State General Administration of Sport of the PRC. National physical fitness standard manual for children part[M]. Beijing: People's Sports Publishing House, 2003: 46. (in Chinese)
    COLE T J, LOBSTEIN T. Extended international (IOTF) body mass index cut-offs for thinness, overweight and obesity[J]. Pediatr Obes, 2012, 7(4): 284-294. doi: 10.1111/j.2047-6310.2012.00064.x
    中华人民共和国国民体质监测中心. 2014年国民体质监测工作手册[M]. 北京: 人民教育出版社, 2014.

    National Physical Fitness Monitoring Center of the PRC. Work Manual of National physical Fitness Monitoring in 2014[M]. Beijing: People's Education Press, 2014. (in Chinese)
    JUHARJI H, ALBALAWI K, ALDWAIGHRI M, et al. Impact of breastfeeding on low birthweight infants, weight disorders in infants, and child development[J]. Cureus, 2022, 14(12): e32894.
    QU P, WANG T, LIU F, et al. Breast-feeding patterns of ethnic groups in rural western China[J]. Public Health Nutr, 2015, 18(18): 3386-3393. doi: 10.1017/S1368980015000208
    ORTIZ-PRADO E, ENCALADA S, MOSQUERA J, et al. A comparative analysis of lung function and spirometry parameters in genotype-controlled natives living at low and high altitude[J]. BMC Pulm Med, 2022, 22(1): 100. doi: 10.1186/s12890-022-01889-0
    BAI J, LI L, LI Y, et al. Genetic and immune changes in Tibetan high-altitude populations contribute to biological adaptation to hypoxia[J]. Environ Health Prev Med, 2022, 27: 39. doi: 10.1265/ehpm.22-00040
    HAAPALA E A, GAO Y, HARTIKAINEN J, et al. Associations of fitness, motor competence, and adiposity with the indicators of physical activity intensity during different physical activities in children[J]. Sci Rep, 2021, 11(1): 12521. doi: 10.1038/s41598-021-92040-2
    POPOVIC B, CVETKOVIC M, MACAK D, et al. Nine months of a structured multisport program improve physical fitness in preschool children: a quasi-experimental study[J]. Int J Environ Res Public Health, 2020, 17(14): 4935. doi: 10.3390/ijerph17144935
    POPOVIC B, GUSIC M, RADANOVIC D, et al. Evaluation of gross motor coordination and physical fitness in children: comparison between soccer and multisport activities[J]. Int J Environ Res Public Health, 2020, 17(16): 5902. doi: 10.3390/ijerph17165902
    DAVARZANI S, BABAEI N, EBADITABAR M, et al. Associations of physical activity with cardiorespiratory fitness, muscle strength, and body composition[J]. Pediatr Endocrinol Diabetes Metab, 2020, 26(4): 183-191. doi: 10.5114/pedm.2020.98718
    MA X, MAO Y, WANG J, et al. Anthropometric indices, body function, and physical fitness reference values for Tibetan ethnic children aged 6-17 residing at 3 650 meters above sea level[J]. Front Nutr, 2022, 9: 1036470. doi: 10.3389/fnut.2022.1036470
    中华人民共和国国家卫生健康委员会疾病预防控制局. 中国居民营养与慢性病状况报告2020年[M]. 北京: 人民卫生出版社, 2021: 148.

    National Health Commission of the PRC, Bureau of Disease Control and Prevention. Report on nutrition and chronic diseases in China 2020[M]. Beijing: People's Medical Publishing House, 2021: 148. (in Chinese)
    国家国民体质监测中心. 第5次国民体质监测公报[EB/OL]. (2021-12-30)[2022-05-21]. https:/www.ciss.cn/tzgg/info/2021/32030.html.

    China Physique Fitness Surveillance Center. The 5th national physique monitoring bulletin[EB/OL]. (2021-12-30)[2022-05-21]. https:/www.ciss.cn/tzgg/info/2021/32030.html. (in Chinese)
  • 加载中


    通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
    • 1. 

      沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

    1. 本站搜索
    2. 百度学术搜索
    3. 万方数据库搜索
    4. CNKI搜索


    Article Metrics

    Article views (156) PDF downloads(45) Cited by()
    Proportional views


    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint