Volume 44 Issue 11
Nov.  2023
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CHEN Ting, LIANG Meng, WANG Jiajuan, ZHAO Xin, CHENG Hong, DU Wenjuan, SUN Ruizhe. Physical health status and influencing factors of preschool children in Tibet[J]. CHINESE JOURNAL OF SCHOOL HEALTH, 2023, 44(11): 1626-1630. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2023.11.007
Citation: CHEN Ting, LIANG Meng, WANG Jiajuan, ZHAO Xin, CHENG Hong, DU Wenjuan, SUN Ruizhe. Physical health status and influencing factors of preschool children in Tibet[J]. CHINESE JOURNAL OF SCHOOL HEALTH, 2023, 44(11): 1626-1630. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2023.11.007

Physical health status and influencing factors of preschool children in Tibet

doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2023.11.007
  • Received Date: 2023-07-03
  • Rev Recd Date: 2023-08-23
  • Available Online: 2023-11-27
  • Publish Date: 2023-11-25
  •   Objective  To explore physical health status and influencing factors of preschool children in Tibet, so as to provide a scientific reference and theoretical basis for the healthy development of physical fitness.  Methods  Data were collected from children (3-6 years old) of Xizang national physical fitness monitoring, and a total of 1 521 preschool children were recruited who received questionnaire survey and physical fitness test. Independent sample t-test and one-way ANOVA were used to compare the differences in physical fitness indexes of preschool children in different groups. Chi-square test and binary Logistic regression model were used to analyze the factors affecting physical health of preschool children.  Results  The total qualified rate of physical fitness was 79.75%, among which the excellent rate was 3.16%, the good rate was 15.12%, the qualified rate was 61.47% and the unqualified was 20.25%. From the perspective of BMI, the excellent physical fitness rate (3.74%) and good physical fitness rate (17.47%) were highest in healthy weight preschool children, and the qualified physical fitness rate of overweight preschool children (69.03%) was higher than that of obese (55.88%) and healthy weight preschool children (60.68%)(χ2=53.56, P < 0.01). From the perspective of ethnic, Tibetan children's physique proficiency (3.69%), good rate (17.13%) than with the elevation of the Han nationality (0.74%, 5.88%), fraction defective (16.97%), lower than that of Han nationality (35.29%) (χ2=53.71, P < 0.01); The results of chest circumference, skinfold thickness, body fat percentage, tennis throw distance, continuous jump of both feet, sitting forward bend and balance beam walking of Tibetan children were higher than those of Han children, and the results of quiet heart rate and standing long jump were lower than those of Han children (t=2.72, 10.95, 9.66, 3.68, 3.88, 8.04, 3.56, 8.70, -4.39, -4.40, P < 0.01). Binary Logistic regression analysis showed that Tibetans (OR=2.29), breastfeeding (OR=1.51), body dynamics outdoor daily exercise duration 30-90 min (30- < 60 min: OR=2.03; 60-90 min: OR=2.22) were positively correlated with physical health of preschool children (P < 0.05).  Conclusions  The total physical qualification rate of preschool children aged 3-6 years old in Tibet is lower than the national average. Ethnic group, feeding pattern during infancy, and physical activity are all factors that affected the physical fitness of preschool children in Tibet. It is of great significance to improve the physique of preschool children in Tibet to promote their sustainable and healthy development.
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