Volume 44 Issue 11
Nov.  2023
Turn off MathJax
Article Contents
XU Haiyan, SONG Zihao, LIU Weiming, GOU Ping. Effectiveness of body image education curriculum in primary schools among grade 4-6 students[J]. CHINESE JOURNAL OF SCHOOL HEALTH, 2023, 44(11): 1622-1625. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2023.11.006
Citation: XU Haiyan, SONG Zihao, LIU Weiming, GOU Ping. Effectiveness of body image education curriculum in primary schools among grade 4-6 students[J]. CHINESE JOURNAL OF SCHOOL HEALTH, 2023, 44(11): 1622-1625. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2023.11.006

Effectiveness of body image education curriculum in primary schools among grade 4-6 students

doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2023.11.006
  • Received Date: 2023-08-07
  • Rev Recd Date: 2023-10-26
  • Available Online: 2023-11-27
  • Publish Date: 2023-11-25
  •   Objective  To analyze the effectiveness of body image education curriculum on grade 4-6 students of early adolescence in primary schools, so as to provide teaching pructice research eridence for promoting positive body image during adolescence.  Methods  A primary school in Chengdu was selected as an experimental school, who offered 6 projects, each project 1 class hour, each chass hour 40 minutes, an average of 1.5 weeks body image education curriculum (body changes during adolescent, values, physical appearance, gender diverity expression and aesthetic diversity). The other school had the same school district conditions, school size and nature, teachers and teaching environment, and had no body image education courses. A pre-test and post-test survey was conducted in April and May 2023 on students in grades 4 to 6 in both schools through the Body Image State Scale adopting cluster sampling.  Results  The pre-test scores of body image in experimental school and control school were (34.99±8.72) and (35.74±8.57) respectively, with no significantly statistical difference (t=-1.29, P>0.05). The post-test scores of body image in experimental school and control school were (37.09±10.40) and (35.70±8.78) respectivily. There was a significant difference in body image between pre-test and post-test scores in experimental school (t=-5.70, P < 0.01), while no significant difference in control school (t=0.13, P>0.05). There were significant differences in body image between pre-test and post-test scores among students of different BMI groups in experimental and control schools (F=16.01, 7.19, 9.64, 5.30, P < 0.01).  Conclusions  Body image education curriculum in early adolescence is beneficial for improving students' body satisfaction. To help students develop a positive body image in early adolescence, it is necessary to implement relevant curriculum education in schools as early as possible.
  • loading
  • [1]
    SMOLAK L. Body image in children and adolescents: where do we go from here?[J]. Body Image, 2004, 1(1): 15-28. doi: 10.1016/S1740-1445(03)00008-1
    刘超, 刘巧云. 儿童消极身体意象形成的影响因素[J]. 中国临床心理学杂志, 2016, 24(1): 84-87. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-ZLCY201601020.htm

    LIU C, LIU Q Y. Factors influencing the formation of negative body image in children[J]. Chin J Clin Psychol, 2016, 24(1): 84-87. (in Chinese) https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-ZLCY201601020.htm
    陈红. 青少年身体自我的理论与实证研究[D]. 重庆: 西南师范大学, 2003.

    CHEN H. Theoretical and empirical research on adolescents' body self[D]. Chongqing: Southwest Normal University, 2003. (in Chinese)
    陈红, 黄希庭. 青少年身体自我的发展特点和性别差异研究[J]. 心理科学, 2005, 28(2): 432-435. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-XLKX200502043.htm

    CHEN H, HUANG X T. A study on the developmental characteristics and gender differences of body self in adolescents[J]. Psychol Sci, 2005, 28(2): 432-435. (in Chinese) https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-XLKX200502043.htm
    BUCCHIANERI M M, NEUMARK-SZTAINER D. Body dissatisfaction: an overlooked public health concern[J]. J Public Ment Health, 2014, 13(2): 64-69. doi: 10.1108/JPMH-11-2013-0071
    徐霞, 张建新. 身体意象的知觉测评和态度测评[J]. 心理科学进展, 2010, 18(12): 1977-1985. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-XLXD201012018.htm

    XU X, ZHANG J X. Perceptual and attitudinal assessment of body image[J]. Adv Psychol Sci, 2010, 18(12): 1977-1985. (in Chinese) https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-XLXD201012018.htm
    薛晓钰. 青年群体成人依恋、身体意象和异常进食行为的关系探究[D]. 上海: 上海师范大学, 2021.

    XUE X Y. Exploration of the relationship between adult attachment, body image and disordered eating behaviors in young adults[D]. Shanghai: Shanghai Normal University, 2021. (in Chinese)
    中华人民共和国国家卫生健康委员会. 学龄儿童青少年超重与筛查标准: WS/T 586—2018[S]. 北京: 中国标准出版社, 2019.

    National Health Commission of the PRC. Screening criteria for overweight and obesity in school-aged children and adolescents: WS/T 586-2018[S]. Beijing: China Standards Press, 2019. (in Chinese)
    中华人民共和国国家卫生和计划生育委员会. 学龄儿童青少年营养不良筛查: WS/T 456—2014[S]. 北京: 中国标准出版社, 2014.

    National Health and Family Planning Commission of the PRC. Screening for malnutrition in school-aged children and adolescents: WS/T 456-2014[S]. Beijing: China Standards Press, 2014. (in Chinese)
    联合国人口基金, 联合国教科文组织. 全面性教育技术指南——国际标准在中国的潜在本土化应用(第一版)[M]. 北京: 联合国人口基金, 2022: 11.

    UNPFA, UNESCO. Comprehensive education technology guidelines—potential localization of international standards in China (first edition)[M]. Beijing: UNFPA, 2022: 11. (in Chinese)
    黄璞月. 青少年负面身体自我、完美主义与自我价值感的关系研究[D]. 桂林: 广西师范大学, 2018.

    HUANG P Y. A study on the relationship between negative body self, perfectionism and self-worth in adolescents[D]. Guilin: Guangxi Normal University, 2018. (in Chinese)
    RICCIARDELLI L A, MCCABE M P. Children's body image concerns and eating disturbance: a review of the literature[J]. Clin Psychol Rev, 2001, 21(3): 325-344. doi: 10.1016/S0272-7358(99)00051-3
    FORBES G B, ADAMS-CURTIS L E, RADE B, et al. Body dissatisfaction in women and men: the role of gender-typing and self-esteem[J]. Sex Roles, 2001, 44(7-8): 461-484.
    SORTER R G. Developmental changes in children's body images[J]. Soc Behav Pers, 1997, 12(4): 1019-1036.
    RICCIARDELLI L A, MCCABE M P, HOLT K E, et al. A biopsychosocial model for understanding body image and body change strategies among children[J]. J Appl Dev Psychol, 2003, 24(4): 475-495. doi: 10.1016/S0193-3973(03)00070-4
    CHOI E, CHOI I. The associations between body dissatisfaction, body figure, self-esteem, and depressed mood in adolescents in the United States and Korea: a moderated mediation analysis[J]. J Adolesc, 2016, 53: 249-259. doi: 10.1016/j.adolescence.2016.10.007
    PAXTON S J, NEUMARK-SZTAINER D, HANNAN P J, et al. Body dissatisfaction prospectively predicts depressive mood and low self-esteem in adolescent girls and boys[J]. J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol, 2006, 35(4): 539-549. doi: 10.1207/s15374424jccp3504_5
    TIGGEMANN M. Body dissatisfaction and adolescent self-esteem: prospective findings[J]. Body Image, 2005, 2(2): 129-135. doi: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2005.03.006
    YAGER Z, DIEDRICHS P C, RICCIARDELLI L A, et al. What works in secondary schools? A systematic review of classroom-based body image programs[J]. Body Image, 2013, 10(3): 271-281. doi: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2013.04.001
    PAXTON S. Body image dissatisfaction, extreme weight loss behaviours: suitable targets for public health concerns?[J]. Health Prom J Austr, 2000, 10(1): 15-19.
    史攀, 黄于飞, 张翰之, 等. 消极身体意象对青少年的负面影响[J]. 心理科学进展, 2020, 28(2): 294-304. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-XLXD202002010.htm

    SHI P, HUANG Y F, ZHANG H Z, et al. The negative impact of negative body image on adolescents[J]. Adv Psychol Sci, 2020, 28(2): 294-304. (in Chinese) https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-XLXD202002010.htm
    AUSTIN S B. Prevention research in eating disorders: theory and new directions[J]. Psychol Med, 2000, 30(6): 1249-1262.
    WADE T D, DAVIDSON S, O'DEA J A. A preliminary controlled evaluation of a school-based media literacy program and self-esteem program for reducing eating disorder risk factors[J]. Internat J Eating Disord, 2003, 33(4): 371-383.
    GRAVE R D, LUCA L D, CAMPELLO G. Middle school primary prevention program for eating disorders: a controlled study with a twelve-month follow-up[J]. Eating Disord, 2001, 9(4): 327-337.
  • 加载中


    通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
    • 1. 

      沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

    1. 本站搜索
    2. 百度学术搜索
    3. 万方数据库搜索
    4. CNKI搜索


    Article Metrics

    Article views (182) PDF downloads(36) Cited by()
    Proportional views


    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint