Volume 42 Issue 7
Jul.  2021
Turn off MathJax
Article Contents
LUO Xiaoman, HE Hao, PAN Yangu. Relationship between study weariness, self-compassion and problem behaviors of left-behind adolescents[J]. CHINESE JOURNAL OF SCHOOL HEALTH, 2021, 42(7): 1059-1063. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.07.023
Citation: LUO Xiaoman, HE Hao, PAN Yangu. Relationship between study weariness, self-compassion and problem behaviors of left-behind adolescents[J]. CHINESE JOURNAL OF SCHOOL HEALTH, 2021, 42(7): 1059-1063. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.07.023

Relationship between study weariness, self-compassion and problem behaviors of left-behind adolescents

doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.07.023
  • Received Date: 2020-11-20
  • Rev Recd Date: 2021-02-03
  • Available Online: 2021-07-23
  • Publish Date: 2021-07-25
  •   Objective  To analyze the association of study weariness with self-compassion and problem behaviors among left behind adolescents, and to explore the moderating role of self-compassion in this association.  Methods  By using convenient sampling method, 1 285 middle school students from two ordinary middle schools in a county of Dazhou City, Sichuan Province were selected, including 895 left behind adolescents. Study weariness, self-compassion and problem behavior were assessed through questionnaire survey.  Results  The scores of self-compassion and externalizing behaviors in boys were higher than that of girls, while the scores of internalizing behaviors of girls were higher than that of boys (t=2.13, 1.98, -2.05, P < 0.05); the scores of study weariness and internalizing behaviors among left behind adolescents were higher than those of non-left behind adolescents, while the scores of self-compassion of non-left behind adolescents were higher than those of left behind adolescents (t=2.01, 2.08, -1.99, P < 0.05). The scores of externalizing behaviors among only-one child and junior high school students were higher than that of non-only-one children and high school students, while the scores of internalization problem behaviors of high school students were higher than that of junior high school students (t=1.95, 2.03, -2.02, P < 0.05). There was a positive correlation between study weariness and problem behavior (t=0.37, P < 0.01), a negative correlation between self-compassion and problem behavior (t=-0.49, P < 0.01), and between study weariness and self-compassin (t=-0.46, P < 0.01).  Conclusion  There is a positive correlation between study weariness and behaviral problems among left behind teenagers. The cultivation of self compassion ability of left behind teenagers should be encouraged and promoted.
  • loading
  • [1]
    向伟, 肖汉仕, 王玉龙. 父母关爱缺乏与留守青少年自伤: 消极情绪的中介和学校联结的调节[J]. 中国特殊教育, 2019(7): 66-68. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-ZDTJ201907011.htm

    XIANG W, XIAO H S, WANG Y L. Lack of parental care and self injury of left behind adolescents: mediation of negative emotions and regulation of school connection[J]. China Spec Educ, 2019(7): 66-68. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-ZDTJ201907011.htm
    韩黎, 龙艳. 歧视知觉与留守儿童情绪和行为问题的关系: 一个有调节的中介模型[J]. 中国特殊教育, 2020(6): 62-67. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-ZDTJ202006009.htm

    HAN L, LONG Y. The relationship between perceived discrimination and left behind children's emotional and behavioral problems: a moderated mediation model[J]. Chin Spec Educ, 2020(6): 62-67. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-ZDTJ202006009.htm
    赵占锋, 刘广增, 李淑芬, 等. 青少年同伴侵害与问题行为的关系: 心理素质的中介和调节效应[J]. 西南大学学报(社会科学版), 2018, 44(5): 90-97. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-XBSW201805012.htm

    ZHAO Z F, LIU G Z, LI S F, et al. The relationship between peer victimization and problem behavior in adolescents: mediating and moderating effects of psychological quality[J]. J Southwest Univ(Soc Sci Edit), 2018, 44(5): 90-97. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-XBSW201805012.htm
    赵玉芬. 初中生厌学量表编制及应用[J]. 上海教育科研, 2019(10): 27-30. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-SJYY201910007.htm

    ZHAO Y F. Development and application of learning weariness scale for junior high school students[J]. Shanghai Educ Res, 2019(10): 27-30. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-SJYY201910007.htm
    任胜涛. 青少年厌学现象的成因及心理辅导机制构建[J]. 中国青年研究, 2016(4): 90-94. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1002-9931.2016.04.014

    REN S T. Causes of teenagers' Weariness of learning and construction of psychological counseling mechanism[J]. Chin Youth Res, 2016(4): 90-94. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1002-9931.2016.04.014
    张莉, 薛香娟, 赵景欣. 歧视知觉, 抑郁和农村留守儿童的学业成绩: 纵向中介模型[J]. 心理科学, 2019, 42(3): 584-590. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-XLKX201903011.htm

    ZHANG L, XUE X J, ZHAO J X. Discrimination perception, depression and academic performance of rural left behind children: a longitudinal mediation model[J]. Psychol Sci, 2019, 42(3): 584-590. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-XLKX201903011.htm
    金国敏, 刘啸莳, 李丹. 何不宽以待己: 自悯的作用机制及干预[J]. 心理科学进展, 2020, 28(5): 824-832. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-XLXD202005012.htm

    JIN G M, LIU X S, LI D. Why not treat yourself leniently: mechanism and intervention of self pity[J]. Prog Psychol Sci, 2020, 28(5): 824-832. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-XLXD202005012.htm
    CHU X W, FAN C Y, LIU Q Q, et al. Cyberbullying victimization and symptoms of depression and anxiety among Chinese adolescents: Examining hopelessness as a mediator and self-compassion as a moderator[J]. Comput Human Behav, 2018, 86(SEP. ): 377-386. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0747563218302036
    陈健, 燕良轼, 周丽华. 中文版自悯量表的信效度研究[J]. 中国心理卫生杂志, 2011, 19(6): 734-736. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-ZLCY201106007.htm

    CHEN J, YAN L S, ZHOU L H. Reliability and validity of Chinese version of self compossion scale[J]. Chin J Clin Psychol, 2011, 19(6): 734-736. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-ZLCY201106007.htm
    GOODMAN R. Psychometvic of the strenghs and difficuties questionnaire[J]. J Am Acad Child Adoles Psych, 2001, 40(11): 1337-1345. doi: 10.1097/00004583-200111000-00015
    LEONA S A, STEPHEN G W. Multiple regression: testing and interpreting interactions-institute for Social and Economic Research (ISER)[J]. Evaluat Pract, 1991, 14(2): 167-168.
    BELÉNMARTÍN, HK S. A mutual hostility explanation for the co-occurrence of delinquency and depressive mood in adolescence[J]. J Abnormal Child Psychol, 2017, 45(7): 1-14. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27943065
    王玉洁, 窦凯, 刘毅, 等. 青少年核心自我评价与内化问题行为的关系[J]. 中国学校卫生, 2015, 36(3): 368-371. http://www.cjsh.org.cn/article/id/zgxxws201503016

    WANG Y J, DOU K, LIU Y, et al. The relationship between adolescent core self-evaluation and internalized problem behavior[J]. Chin J Sch Health, 2015, 36(3): 368-371. http://www.cjsh.org.cn/article/id/zgxxws201503016
    孙茜. 感知父母冲突与青少年问题行为: 认知评价的中介作用[D]. 济南: 山东大学, 2017.

    SUN X. Perceived parental conflict and adolescent problem behavior: the mediating role of cognitive evaluation[D]. Jinan: Shandong University, 2017.
    许琪. 父母外出对农村留守儿童学习成绩的影响[J]. 青年研究, 2018(6): 39-51. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1002-9931.2018.06.006

    XU Q. The influence of parents' going out on the academic performance of rural left behind children[J]. Youth Res, 2018(6): 39-51. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1002-9931.2018.06.006
    CHENG J, SUN Y H. Depression and anxiety among left-behind children in China: a systematic review[J]. Child Care Health Dev, 2015, 41(4): 515-523. doi: 10.1111/cch.12221
    GILBERT P, PROCTER S. Compassionate mind training for people with high shame and self-criticism: overview and pilot study of a group therapy approach[J]. Clin Psychol Psychoth, 2010, 13(6): 353-379. http://psycnet.apa.org/record/2007-01345-001
    李菁菁, 窦凯, 聂衍刚. 亲子依恋与青少年外化问题行为: 情绪调节自我效能感的中介作用[J]. 中国临床心理学杂志, 2018, 26(6): 1168-1172. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-ZLCY201806025.htm

    LI J J, DOU K, NIE Y G. Parent child attachment and adolescent externalized problem behavior: the mediating role of emotion regulation self-efficacy[J]. Chin J Clin Psychol, 2018, 26(6): 1168-1172. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-ZLCY201806025.htm
    聂瑞虹, 周楠, 张宇驰, 等. 人际关系与高中生内外化问题的关系: 自尊的中介及性别的调节作用[J]. 心理发展与教育, 2017, 6(9): 708-718. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-XLFZ201706009.htm

    NIE R H, ZHOU N, ZHANG Y C, et al. The relationship between interpersonal relationship and internalization of high school students: the mediating role of self-esteem and the moderating role of gender[J]. Psychol Dev Educ, 2017, 6(9): 708-718. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-XLFZ201706009.htm
    YUCEL D, DOWNEY D B. When quality trumps quantity: siblings and the development of peer relationships[J]. Child Indicat Res, 2015, 8(4): 845-865. doi: 10.1007/s12187-014-9276-0
    BAKKER A M, COX D W, HUBLEY A M, et al. Emotion regulation as a mediator of self-compassion and depressive symptoms in recurrent depression[J]. Mindfulness, 2019, 10(6): 1169-1180. doi: 10.1007/s12671-018-1072-3
    NEFF K D, RUDE S S, KIRKPATRICK K L. An examination of self-compassion in relation to positive psychological functioning and personality traits[J]. J Res Person, 2007, 41(4): 908-916. doi: 10.1016/j.jrp.2006.08.002
    雷婷婷, 顾善萍, 蒋科星, 等. 社会排斥与流动儿童学校适应的关系: 坚毅的调节作用[J]. 中国特殊教育, 2019(11): 69-74. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-ZDTJ201911012.htm

    LEI T T, GU S P, JIANG K X, et al. The relationship between social exclusion and school adjustment of migrant children: the moderating effect of perseverance[J]. Chin Spec Educ, 2019(11): 69-74. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-ZDTJ201911012.htm
    LEARY M R, TATE E B, ADAMS C E, et al. Self-compassion and reactions to unpleasant self-relevant events: the implications of treating oneself kindly[J]. J Person Soc Psychol, 2007, 92(5): 887-904. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.92.5.887
    NEFF K D, HSIEH Y P, DEJITTERAT K. Self-compassion, achievement goals, and coping with academic failure[J]. Self Ident, 2005, 4(3): 263-287. doi: 10.1080/13576500444000317
    INWOOD E, FERRARI M. Mechanisms of change in the relationship between self-compassion, emotion regulation, and mental health: a systematic review[J]. Appl Psychol Health Well Bng, 2018, 10(2): 215-235. doi: 10.1111/aphw.12127
  • 加载中


    通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
    • 1. 

      沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

    1. 本站搜索
    2. 百度学术搜索
    3. 万方数据库搜索
    4. CNKI搜索


    Article Metrics

    Article views (292) PDF downloads(44) Cited by()
    Proportional views


    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint