Volume 42 Issue 7
Jul.  2021
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JIAO Yang, LIU Zhou, ZHANG Xiaodan. Relationship between daily physical activity and sleep quality among college students[J]. CHINESE JOURNAL OF SCHOOL HEALTH, 2021, 42(7): 1047-1051. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.07.020
Citation: JIAO Yang, LIU Zhou, ZHANG Xiaodan. Relationship between daily physical activity and sleep quality among college students[J]. CHINESE JOURNAL OF SCHOOL HEALTH, 2021, 42(7): 1047-1051. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.07.020

Relationship between daily physical activity and sleep quality among college students

doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.07.020
  • Received Date: 2021-02-14
  • Rev Recd Date: 2021-06-06
  • Available Online: 2021-07-23
  • Publish Date: 2021-07-25
  •   Objective  To explore the relationship between daily physical activity and sleep quality among college students during COVID-19 epidemic, so as to provide scientific basis for improving physical health and sleep of college students.  Methods  A stratified random sampling method was used to select a total of 2 808 college students from two universities (one in each of sports and non-sports categories) in Beijing, Tianjin, and Wuhan in March 2020. The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index scale and the Bouchard Physical Activity Diary were used to collect sleep status and sleep duration (SD), sedentary behavior (SED), low intensity physical activity (LPA), and moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA). The Mann-Whitney U test or Kruskal-Wallis test was used to analyze the variability of parameters among college students. Multiple Logistic regression was used to analyze the relationship between physical activity and sleep quality.  Results  During the epidemic, male students had higher MVPA times(0.5 h) than female students(0 h) (Z=-4.21, P < 0.01); students aged 18 and younger had higher SED times(11.1 h) than students aged 19 to 21 and older(9.3, 10.3 h) (F=7.90, P < 0.05). The SED was higher for students living in urban, combined urban-rural areas(10.5, 9.5 h) than for their rural counterparts(9.5 h) (F=9.56, 10.73, P < 0.01). Sport majors had higher LPA and MVPA times(3.9, 1.0 h) than non-sports majors(3.0, 0 h) (Z=-2.99, -4.73, P < 0.01), and lower SED and sleep times(8.3, 9.8 h) than non-sports majors(11.1, 11.1 h) (Z =-4.73, -2.42, P < 0.01). The LPA time of students with general sleep quality and sleep disorder was lower than that of students with good sleep quality (F=7.67, P < 0.05), and SED time was higher than that of students with good sleep quality (F=8.62, P < 0.05). After controlling for gender, age, place of residence, and specialty, multiple Logistic regression analysis showed that LPA time deficit was a risk factor for sleep quality (OR=0.84, 95%CI=0.71-0.99, P < 0.05).  Conclusion  During the COVID-19 epidemic period, college students generally suffer from excessive sedentary time and insufficient physical activity, which vary in sex, region and specialty. The overall sleep quality of students is not optimistic, and the lack of low-intensity physical activity may increase the risk of sleep disorders.
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