Volume 42 Issue 7
Jul.  2021
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ZHANG Yonghua, MA Cuiling, ZHANG Xiaoling, SHI Ying, WANG Chunping, SU Junhai, ZHAO Ai. Comparison of nutrition and visual health between Tibetan migrant students and local students in Gannan of Lanzhou New District[J]. CHINESE JOURNAL OF SCHOOL HEALTH, 2021, 42(7): 1029-1032,1037. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.07.016
Citation: ZHANG Yonghua, MA Cuiling, ZHANG Xiaoling, SHI Ying, WANG Chunping, SU Junhai, ZHAO Ai. Comparison of nutrition and visual health between Tibetan migrant students and local students in Gannan of Lanzhou New District[J]. CHINESE JOURNAL OF SCHOOL HEALTH, 2021, 42(7): 1029-1032,1037. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.07.016

Comparison of nutrition and visual health between Tibetan migrant students and local students in Gannan of Lanzhou New District

doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.07.016
  • Received Date: 2021-02-27
  • Rev Recd Date: 2021-04-22
  • Available Online: 2021-07-23
  • Publish Date: 2021-07-25
  •   Objective  This paper studies the nutritional and vision health status of Tibetan migrant students and the differences between the local students in Lanzhou and them to provide a theoretical basis for nutrition intervention and vision protection for students.  Methods  Cluster sampling method was used to select 2 434 students migrating from Gannan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture to a boarding middle school, and 3 291 students from three middle schools in Qilihe District of Lanzhou from September to December 2020. All the students were administered physical and visual examination. Proportion of nutritional status, poor eyesight and myopia by gender and age groups between Tibetan migrant students and local students were analyzed.  Results  The detection rate of overweight and obesity in Tibetan migrant boys(2.8%, 5.7%) and girls(11.0%, 8.3%) was lower than that of local students of the same sex(5.6%, 8.3%;24.9%, 20.9%) (χ2=12.17, 7.21, P < 0.05; χ2=81.33, 91.34, P < 0.05); The detection rate of malnutrition in Tibetan migrant boys(9.9%) was higher than that in local boys(7.2%) (χ2=6.65, P < 0.05). The detection rate of poor vision in Tibetan migrant boys was lower than that in local boys (χ2=3.93, P < 0.05). The detection rate of myopia was significantly lower than that of local students (χ2=975.82, P < 0.01). The detection rate of abnormal color vision in Tibetan migrant boys was higher than that in local boys (χ2=8.38, P < 0.05). The detection rate of abnormal color vision in Tibetan migrant girls was lower than that in local girls (χ2=8.08, P < 0.05). The detection rate of mild and moderate visual impairment was lower among Tibetan migrant boys than local boys (χ2=3.88, 8.32, P < 0.05); the detection rate of mild, moderate and severe myopia was lower than local boys (χ2=13.72, 55.96, 338.50, P < 0.05). The detection rate of mild, moderate and severe myopia was lower among Tibetan migrant girls than local girls (χ2=7.62, 37.79, 424.00, P < 0.05).  Conclusion  Tibetan migrant students was lower than that of local students. More attention should be paid to nutrition intake of Tibetan boys to prevent malnutrition. The detection rate of myopia in Tibetan migrant students is low, but the detection rate of severe poor vision among Tibetan students in the junior high school group is higher than that of local students, and attention should be paid to the visual health of Tibetan students in junior high school.
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