Volume 38 Issue 12
Dec.  2017
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NIU Xiaoli, ZHAO Haiping, ZHANG Yuhong. Comparison of blood pressure among children aged 7-17 of Hui minority in Ningxia from 2005-2014[J]. CHINESE JOURNAL OF SCHOOL HEALTH, 2017, 38(12): 1869-1872. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2017.12.031
Citation: NIU Xiaoli, ZHAO Haiping, ZHANG Yuhong. Comparison of blood pressure among children aged 7-17 of Hui minority in Ningxia from 2005-2014[J]. CHINESE JOURNAL OF SCHOOL HEALTH, 2017, 38(12): 1869-1872. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2017.12.031

Comparison of blood pressure among children aged 7-17 of Hui minority in Ningxia from 2005-2014

doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2017.12.031
  • Publish Date: 2017-12-25
  • Objective To understand prevalence of hypertension and changing tendency of blood pressure among children aged 7-17 of Hui minority in Ningxia from 2005-2014,and to provide valuable information for early prevention of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases.Methods Data were chosen from investigation of constitution and health in Ningxia school students from 2005 to 2014,the systolic and diastolic blood pressure of Hui children were measured by standard method.Results In 2014,the detection rate of hypertension among Hui children aged 7-17 in Ningxia was 15.2%,which was 11.4% higher than that in 2005,and the differences were of statistical significance (x2=380.53,P<0.05).The 17-age group was growing faster than other groups,increasing 4.9 times more than that in 2005.The diastolic blood pressure increased from that in 2005(65.8±8.3) to 2014 (69.0±9.8),while the systolic blood pressure increased from(98.6± 11.6) to(107.4± 11.9) of children,and the differences were of statistical significance(t =-36.33,-18.02,P<0.01),and their blood pressure increased with age.The detection rate of hypertension among boys increased from 3.4% to 14.2% in 2014,while that of girls increased from 4.2% to 16.2%.During 9 years,the rates increased by 10.8% and 12.0% for boys and girls,respectively.Although the detection rate of girls were found higher than that of boys,but the differences were of no statistical significance(P>0.05).The detection rate of hypertension among urban children increased from 5.1% in 2005 to 15.7% in 2014,while the rate of rural children increased from 3.3% to 14.9%,and the rates increased by 10.6% and 11.6%,respectively.The detection rate of rural children were found to increase quicker than that of urban children(x2=1.19,P=0.271).The detection rate of hypertension among obese children was 15.3% in 2005,and 42.1% in 2014,which were higher than those of normal subjects (x2=29.48,392.38,P<0.01),and the systolic and diastolic blood pressure were significantly correlated with BMI.Conclusion The prevalence of hypertension among children aged 7-17 in Ningxia shows an upward tendency from 2005 to 2014,and this increasing trend could be reduced by controlling overweight and obesity of children.
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