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中学生20 m往返跑成绩与生活行为方式的关联

土小红 谢坚明 黄智萍 高志强 张树华 卢金逵 孙昊

土小红, 谢坚明, 黄智萍, 高志强, 张树华, 卢金逵, 孙昊. 中学生20 m往返跑成绩与生活行为方式的关联[J]. 中国学校卫生, 2022, 43(12): 1804-1808. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2022.12.011
引用本文: 土小红, 谢坚明, 黄智萍, 高志强, 张树华, 卢金逵, 孙昊. 中学生20 m往返跑成绩与生活行为方式的关联[J]. 中国学校卫生, 2022, 43(12): 1804-1808. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2022.12.011
TU Xiaohong, XIE Jianming, HUANG Zhiping, GAO Zhiqiang, ZHANG Shuhua, LU Jinkui, SUN Hao. Relationship between 20 m shuttle run test performance and lifestyle behaviors of junior high school students[J]. CHINESE JOURNAL OF SCHOOL HEALTH, 2022, 43(12): 1804-1808. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2022.12.011
Citation: TU Xiaohong, XIE Jianming, HUANG Zhiping, GAO Zhiqiang, ZHANG Shuhua, LU Jinkui, SUN Hao. Relationship between 20 m shuttle run test performance and lifestyle behaviors of junior high school students[J]. CHINESE JOURNAL OF SCHOOL HEALTH, 2022, 43(12): 1804-1808. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2022.12.011

中学生20 m往返跑成绩与生活行为方式的关联

doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2022.12.011
基金项目: 

国家社会科学基金(2021年)项目 21BTY121

详细信息
    作者简介:

    土小红(1981-),女,甘肃张掖人,硕士,讲师,主要研究方向为儿童青少年体质健康

    通讯作者:

    卢金逵,E-mail:lujinkui198321@139.com

  • 利益冲突声明  所有作者声明无利益冲突。
  • 中图分类号: G478  G804.49  R179

Relationship between 20 m shuttle run test performance and lifestyle behaviors of junior high school students

  • 摘要:   目的   探究中学生生活行为方式与20 m往返跑(20 m SRT)成绩的关联,为改善中学生不良生活行为方式提供参考。  方法   采用分层整群抽样法,在2021年4—6月对江西上饶市玉山、婺源、横峰、余干4个县2 397名12~17岁中学生进行问卷调查和20 m SRT测试,采用χ2检验比较不同人口学特征、生活行为方式中学生20 m SRT成绩合格率差异,运用Logistic回归分析生活行为方式与20 m SRT成绩的关联强度。  结果   中学生20 m SRT合格率为83.3%,不同性别、年级、户籍、就读类型、父亲文化程度中学生20 m SRT合格率差异均有统计学意义(χ2值分别为25.26,25.04,6.99,7.96,16.22,P值均<0.05);近7 d是否有剧烈、是否有适度体力活动和不同早餐行为中学生20 m SRT成绩合格率差异均有统计学意义(χ2值分别为6.78,6.29,9.13,P值<0.05)。Logistic回归分析结果显示,在控制相关混杂因素后,“近7 d无剧烈体力活动”与20 m SRT不合格呈正相关(OR=1.31,95%CI=1.03~1.67,P<0.05);“经常不吃早餐行为”与20 m SRT不合格呈正相关(OR=1.37,95%CI=1.09~1.73,P<0.01)。  结论   剧烈体力活动和高频早餐消费行为与中学生20 m SRT不合格呈负相关,学校应倡导学生养成积极锻炼和规律进食早餐的习惯,保障其心肺耐力水平健康发展。
    1)  利益冲突声明  所有作者声明无利益冲突。
  • 表  1  不同人口统计学特征中学生20 m SRT合格率比较

    Table  1.   Comparison of the pass rate of 20 m SRT among junior high school students with different demographic characteristics

    人口统计学指标 选项 人数 合格人数 χ2 P
    性别 1 163 948(81.5) 5.26 0.02
    1 234 1 049(85.0)
    年级 初一 336 271(80.7) 25.04 < 0.01
    初二 367 309(84.2)
    初三 461 397(86.1)
    高一 424 328(77.4)
    高二 444 366(82.4)
    高三 365 326(89.3)
    户籍所在地 城镇 488 426(87.3) 6.99 0.01
    农村 1 909 1 571(82.3)
    就读类型 寄宿 975 787(80.7) 7.96 0.01
    走读 1 422 1 210(85.1)
    父亲文化程度 小学及以下 516 429(83.1) 16.22 < 0.01
    初中 1 321 1 072(81.2)
    高中/中专 448 394(87.9)
    大学或以上 112 102(91.1)
    母亲文化程度 小学及以下 923 768(83.2) 6.61 0.09
    初中 1 127 928(82.3)
    高中/中专 282 240(85.1)
    大学或以上 65 61(93.8)
    家庭经济状况 65 49(75.4) 3.74 0.15
    2 116 1 772(83.7)
    216 176(81.5)
    是否留守 1 205 986(81.8) 3.85 0.05
    1 192 1 011(84.8)
    注:()内数字为合格率/%。
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  不同生活行为方式中学生20 m SRT合格率比较

    Table  2.   Comparison of the pass rate of 20 m SRT of junior high school students with different lifestyles

    组别 选项 人数 合格人数 χ2 P
    吸烟 58 47(81.0) 0.22 0.64
    2 339 1 950(83.4)
    饮酒 270 223(82.6) 0.11 0.74
    2 127 1 774(83.4)
    有剧烈体力 1 131 966(85.4) 6.78 0.01
    活动 1 266 1 031(81.4)
    有适度体力 1 429 1 213(84.9) 6.29 0.01
    活动 968 784(81.0)
    有久坐行为 1 481 1 249(84.3) 2.91 0.09
    916 748(81.7)
    每天睡眠时 ≤6 479 396(82.7) 4.33 0.23
    间/h >6~8 1 546 1 303(84.3)
    >8~10 329 265(80.5)
    >10 43 33(76.7)
    早餐行为 基本每天都吃 1 694 1 436(84.8) 9.13 0.01
    经常不吃 662 527(79.6)
    不吃或偶尔吃 41 34(82.9)
    注:()内数字为合格率/%。
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  中学生生活行为方式与20 m SRT成绩的Logistic回归分析(n=2 397)

    Table  3.   Logistic regression analysis of lifestyle and the performance of 20 m SRT in junior high school students(n=2 397)

    自变量 选项 β 标准误 Wald χ2 P OR值(OR值95%CI)
    是否有剧烈体力活动 0.27 0.12 4.85 0.01 1.31(1.03~1.67)
    是否有适度体力活动 0.19 0.12 2.43 0.12 1.21(0.95~1.54)
    早餐行为c 经常不吃 0.32 0.12 6.98 0.01 1.37(1.09~1.73)
    不吃或偶尔吃 0.03 0.43 0.01 0.95 1.03(0.45~2.37)
    注:是否有剧烈体力活动控制性别、年级、户籍所在地、就读类型、父亲文化程度、是否有适度体力活动、早餐行为变量;是否有适度体力活动控制性别、年级、户籍所在地、就读类型、父亲文化程度、是否有剧烈体力活动、早餐行为变量;早餐行为控制性别、年级、户籍所在地、就读类型、父亲文化程度、是否有剧烈体力活动、是否有适度体力活动变量。是否有剧烈体力活动、是否有适度体力活动、早餐行为分别以是、是、基本每天都吃为参照组。
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2022-08-07
  • 修回日期:  2022-10-06
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-12-30
  • 刊出日期:  2022-12-25

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