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母亲教养压力与小学一年级学生睡眠问题的关系

奴比娅·阿马尔江 肖惠迪 加吾兰·祖农 李梦龙 李子昂 胡翼飞

奴比娅·阿马尔江, 肖惠迪, 加吾兰·祖农, 李梦龙, 李子昂, 胡翼飞. 母亲教养压力与小学一年级学生睡眠问题的关系[J]. 中国学校卫生, 2022, 43(5): 668-670. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2022.05.007
引用本文: 奴比娅·阿马尔江, 肖惠迪, 加吾兰·祖农, 李梦龙, 李子昂, 胡翼飞. 母亲教养压力与小学一年级学生睡眠问题的关系[J]. 中国学校卫生, 2022, 43(5): 668-670. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2022.05.007
AMAERJIANG Nubiya, XIAO Huidi, ZUNONG Jiawulan, LI Menglong, LI Ziang, HU Yifei. Association between maternal parenting stress and sleep problems among first-grade primary students[J]. CHINESE JOURNAL OF SCHOOL HEALTH, 2022, 43(5): 668-670. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2022.05.007
Citation: AMAERJIANG Nubiya, XIAO Huidi, ZUNONG Jiawulan, LI Menglong, LI Ziang, HU Yifei. Association between maternal parenting stress and sleep problems among first-grade primary students[J]. CHINESE JOURNAL OF SCHOOL HEALTH, 2022, 43(5): 668-670. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2022.05.007

母亲教养压力与小学一年级学生睡眠问题的关系

doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2022.05.007
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金项目 82073574

北京市自然科学基金资助项目 7202009

详细信息
    作者简介:

    奴比娅·阿马尔江(1995-),女,新疆墨玉县人,在读硕士,主要研究方向为儿童青少年期慢性病预防

    通讯作者:

    胡翼飞,E-mail: huyifei@yahoo.com

  • 利益冲突声明  所有作者声明无利益冲突。
  • 中图分类号: G78 R179 B844.1

Association between maternal parenting stress and sleep problems among first-grade primary students

  • 摘要:   目的  了解北京市6~8岁小学一年级儿童睡眠现状,探索母亲教养压力与儿童睡眠之间的关系,为减少儿童睡眠问题的发生提供科学依据。  方法  对北京儿童生长与健康队列(PROC)的参与者开展线上调查。由家长完成儿童睡眠习惯问卷(CSHQ)和父母教养压力问卷(PSI-SF),纳入同时完成两份问卷且父母教养压力问卷由母亲回答的1 136对小学一年级学龄儿童及其母亲作为研究对象。采用Logistic回归分析母亲教养压力与儿童睡眠之间的关联。  结果  小学一年级学生睡眠问题发生率为78.52%,有睡眠问题儿童的母亲教养压力问卷得分(86.66±17.31)高于无睡眠问题儿童的母亲(78.59±17.75)(t=6.42,P < 0.01)。在调整混杂因素后,多因素Logistic回归结果显示,与没有教养压力的母亲相比,母亲有教养压力时儿童存在睡眠问题的风险增加(OR=2.52,95%CI=1.55~4.11,P < 0.01);在以PSI-SF中3个维度为自变量进一步分析时,结果显示, 相比母亲在育儿压力、困难儿童2个维度没有压力的小学生,母亲有压力的小学生存在睡眠问题的风险增加(OR值分别为1.66,1.76,P值均 < 0.05)。  结论  小学一年级学生普遍存在不同程度的睡眠问题,为母亲提供心理支持以减少母亲教养压力的发生,可以减少儿童睡眠问题。
    1)  利益冲突声明  所有作者声明无利益冲突。
  • 表  1  有无睡眠问题儿童PSI-SF得分比较(x±s)

    Table  1.   Comparison of maternal PSI-SF scores in children with and without sleep problems(x±s)

    睡眠问题 人数 育儿压力 亲子互动失调 困难儿童 总分
    892 30.62±7.12 27.41±6.19 28.64±6.52 86.66±17.31
    244 28.00±7.33 25.31±6.25 25.27±6.50 78.59±17.75
    t 5.05 4.67 7.15 6.42
    P < 0.01 < 0.01 < 0.01 < 0.01
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  母亲教养压力对儿童睡眠问题影响的Logistic回归分析(n=1 136)

    Table  2.   Logistic analysis of the effect of maternal parenting stress on children's sleep problems(n=1 136)

    自变量 调整前 调整后
    OR值(OR值95%CI) P OR值(OR值95%CI) P
    模型1
        母亲教养压力 2.54(1.56~4.14) < 0.01 2.52(1.55~4.11) < 0.01
    模型2
        育儿压力 1.98(1.28~3.05) < 0.01 1.66(1.05~2.61) 0.03
        亲子互动失调 1.91(1.20~3.04) < 0.01 - -
        困难儿童 2.12(1.33~3.40) < 0.01 1.76(1.07~2.88) 0.02
    注:自变量均以无为参照组。
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2021-12-17
  • 修回日期:  2022-02-09
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-05-20
  • 刊出日期:  2022-05-25

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