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肥胖女大学生最大脂肪氧化强度研究

李盈盈 黄丽 彭莉

李盈盈, 黄丽, 彭莉. 肥胖女大学生最大脂肪氧化强度研究[J]. 中国学校卫生, 2021, 42(9): 1407-1410, 1414. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.09.032
引用本文: 李盈盈, 黄丽, 彭莉. 肥胖女大学生最大脂肪氧化强度研究[J]. 中国学校卫生, 2021, 42(9): 1407-1410, 1414. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.09.032
LI Yingying, HUANG Li, PENG Li. Maximum fat oxidation intensity of obese female college students[J]. CHINESE JOURNAL OF SCHOOL HEALTH, 2021, 42(9): 1407-1410, 1414. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.09.032
Citation: LI Yingying, HUANG Li, PENG Li. Maximum fat oxidation intensity of obese female college students[J]. CHINESE JOURNAL OF SCHOOL HEALTH, 2021, 42(9): 1407-1410, 1414. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.09.032

肥胖女大学生最大脂肪氧化强度研究

doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.09.032
基金项目: 

西南大学创新团队项目 SWU1909105

重庆科卫联合医学科研项目 2019ZDXM032

重庆体育科研项目 B2019007

详细信息
    作者简介:

    李盈盈(1993-), 女, 河南灵宝人, 硕士, 主要研究方向为国民体质测试及健康管理

    通讯作者:

    彭莉, E-mail: 804455169@qq.com

  • 中图分类号: R723.14  G804.49  R179

Maximum fat oxidation intensity of obese female college students

  • 摘要:   目的  探讨肥胖女大学生肥胖指标与最大脂肪氧化强度(Fatmax)的关系, 为制定运动处方时提供多面考量指标。  方法  2017年6月—2018年3月在西南大学通过招募的方式选取54例无运动背景的肥胖女大学生作为受试者。所有受试者通过运动跑台的递增负荷运动试验测定Fatmax, 比较肥胖女大学生不同体脂百分比(BFP)、腰臀比(WHR)及不同部位皮褶厚度(腹部、肩胛骨下部、上臂肱三头肌)对应的Fatmax差异, 不同体脂百分比(BFP)、腰臀比(WHR)及不同部位皮褶厚度(腹部、肩胛骨下部、上臂肱三头肌)与Fatmax关系。  结果  由BFP、WHR、腹部、上臂肱三头肌及肩胛骨下部指标判定为肥胖的女大学生Fatmax(MET, %VO2max)均低于标准值。其中腹部肥胖女大学生Fatmax低于标准值, 差异均有统计学意义(t值分别为2.48, 2.61, P值均 < 0.05);肩胛骨下部肥胖女大学生Fatmax低于标准值(t=2.50, P < 0.05), 且两者呈负相关(r=-0.27, P < 0.01)。  结论  肥胖女大学生的肥胖指标均与Fatmax关系密切, 其中腹部、背部皮褶厚度对肥胖女大学生Fatmax的影响更为突出。
  • 表  1  不同肥胖指标下的肥胖女大学生MFO比较(x±s)

    Table  1.   Comparison of MFO among obese female college students under different obe 明 sity indexes(x±s)

    指标 人数 MFO/(g·min-1) MFO/[mg·(min·kg)-1]
    标准值 肥胖值 t P 标准值 肥胖值 t P
    BFP 28 0.53±0.09 0.55±0.24 -0.41 0.68 11.03±4.05 10.13±4.26 0.81 0.42
    WHR 31 0.52±0.25 0.57±0.14 -0.97 0.34 9.96±4.53 11.58±3.30 -1.61 0.11
    腹部 5 0.66±0.15 0.53±0.21 1.13 0.29 14.64±2.97 10.19±4.02 1.99 0.08
    上臂肱三头肌 5 0.46±0.10 0.55±0.22 -0.83 0.43 10.26±2.21 10.63±4.28 -0.17 0.89
    肩胛骨下部 11 0.62±0.27 0.51±0.19 1.11 0.28 11.39±4.83 9.70±3.50 0.94 0.36
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  不同肥胖指标下肥胖女大学生Fatmax比较(x±s)

    Table  2.   Comparison of Fatmax among obese female college students under different obesity indexes(x±s)

    指标 人数 Fatmax(MET) Fatmax(%VO2max)
    标准值 肥胖值 t P 标准值 肥胖值 t P
    BFP 28 6.55±1.34 6.08±1.12 1.42 0.16 50.19±10.11 48.82±7.66 0.57 0.57
    WHR 31 6.50±1.13 6.19±1.33 0.99 0.33 50.75±7.39 48.64±9.98 0.95 0.35
    腹部 5 7.65±0.88 6.19±1.21 2.48 0.03 57.64±8.90 48.71±8.62 2.61 0.03
    上臂肱三头肌 5 6.83±0.43 6.27±1.29 0.92 0.38 49.66±9.35 48.35±3.25 0.30 0.78
    肩胛骨下部 11 7.18±1.25 6.10±1.16 2.50 0.03 51.92±8.82 48.92±8.99 0.79 0.44
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2021-05-06
  • 修回日期:  2021-06-20
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-09-24
  • 刊出日期:  2021-09-24

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