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社交焦虑大学生的评价恐惧研究

钟佑洁 林淑娟 李艳华 吴梅霞

钟佑洁, 林淑娟, 李艳华, 吴梅霞. 社交焦虑大学生的评价恐惧研究[J]. 中国学校卫生, 2021, 42(9): 1369-1372. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.09.022
引用本文: 钟佑洁, 林淑娟, 李艳华, 吴梅霞. 社交焦虑大学生的评价恐惧研究[J]. 中国学校卫生, 2021, 42(9): 1369-1372. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.09.022
ZHONG Youjie, LIN Shujuan, LI Yanhua, WU Meixia. Evaluation of fear in college student with social anxiety[J]. CHINESE JOURNAL OF SCHOOL HEALTH, 2021, 42(9): 1369-1372. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.09.022
Citation: ZHONG Youjie, LIN Shujuan, LI Yanhua, WU Meixia. Evaluation of fear in college student with social anxiety[J]. CHINESE JOURNAL OF SCHOOL HEALTH, 2021, 42(9): 1369-1372. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.09.022

社交焦虑大学生的评价恐惧研究

doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.09.022
基金项目: 

2020年福建省教育科学规划课题 FJJKCG20-089

2020年教育部人文社会科学研究项目 20YJC880132

详细信息
    作者简介:

    钟佑洁(1980-),女,湖北武汉人,博士,副教授,主要研究方向为发展与教育心理学

  • 中图分类号: G 444 G 647.8 B 844.2

Evaluation of fear in college student with social anxiety

  • 摘要:   目的  探讨社交焦虑大学生内隐评价恐惧的存在性及其与外显评价恐惧的关系,为改善大学生的社会焦虑提供参考。  方法  采取方便整群抽样的方法,从福州大学抽取490名大学生完成“交往焦虑量表(IAS)”的测验,筛选65名有效被试完成内隐联想测试。  结果  社交焦虑大学生的外显正面和负面评价恐惧均高于非社交焦虑大学生(t值分别为7.03,5.66,P值均 < 0.01);社交焦虑大学生的“自我”-“正面评价”任务(1 019.26±124.44)ms和“自我”-“中性评价”任务反应时(909.78±175.20)ms,差异有统计学意义(t=5.67,P < 0.01);非社交焦虑大学生在两类任务上的反应时差异无统计学意义(t=1.29,P > 0.05)。社会焦虑和非社会焦虑大学生的“自我”-“负面评价”任务和“自我”-“中性评价”任务反应时,差异均有统计学意义(t值分别为9.17,12.33,P值均 < 0.01),即两组大学生均存在内隐负面评价恐惧;社交焦虑大学生和非社交焦虑大学生的外显和内隐评价恐惧相关无统计学意义(P值均 > 0.05);内隐和外显评价恐惧的性别差异无统计学意义(P值均 > 0.05)。  结论  社交焦虑大学生存在外显和内隐评价恐惧,且外显得分和内隐效应是相互独立的结构。
  • 表  1  不同性别大学生外显和内隐评价恐惧得分比较

    Table  1.   Comparison of fear of evaluation between male and female college students in different groups

    组别 性别 人数 统计值 外显评价恐惧a 内隐评价恐惧b
    正面 负面 正面 负面
    社交焦虑 15 35.27±15.84 19.20±5.98 130.39(36.37, 183.89) 185.72(30.03, 302.53)
    20 37.40±9.96 21.90±5.68 133.70(39.70, 181.42) 222.49(183.72, 316.77)
    t/Z -0.49 -1.36 -0.40 -1.13
    P 0.63 0.18 0.69 0.26
    非社交焦虑 16 19.12±4.82 13.44±5.02 28.97(6.33, 47.35) 259.14(228.51, 435.59)
    14 19.43±4.91 13.79±2.26 40.97(8.56, 68.42) 337.09(294.15, 435.64)
    t/Z -0.17 -0.24 -0.52 -1.08
    P 0.87 0.81 0.60 0.28
    注:a数据符合正态分布,以(x±s)描述;b不符合正态分布,以M(P25P75)描述。
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2021-01-03
  • 修回日期:  2021-03-12
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-09-24
  • 刊出日期:  2021-09-24

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