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儿童饮食运动行为干预中手机APP使用的依从性及影响因素

李文灏 冯向先 林艺 高爱钰 张芳 周双 许利群 吴娜 刘峥 王海俊

李文灏, 冯向先, 林艺, 高爱钰, 张芳, 周双, 许利群, 吴娜, 刘峥, 王海俊. 儿童饮食运动行为干预中手机APP使用的依从性及影响因素[J]. 中国学校卫生, 2021, 42(9): 1336-1339. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.09.014
引用本文: 李文灏, 冯向先, 林艺, 高爱钰, 张芳, 周双, 许利群, 吴娜, 刘峥, 王海俊. 儿童饮食运动行为干预中手机APP使用的依从性及影响因素[J]. 中国学校卫生, 2021, 42(9): 1336-1339. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.09.014
LI Wenhao, FENG Xiangxian, LIN Yi, GAO Aiyu, ZHANG Fang, ZHOU Shuang, XU Liqun, WU Na, LIU Zheng, WANG Haijun. Compliance and associated factors of smartphone application usage in child dietary and exercise intervention[J]. CHINESE JOURNAL OF SCHOOL HEALTH, 2021, 42(9): 1336-1339. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.09.014
Citation: LI Wenhao, FENG Xiangxian, LIN Yi, GAO Aiyu, ZHANG Fang, ZHOU Shuang, XU Liqun, WU Na, LIU Zheng, WANG Haijun. Compliance and associated factors of smartphone application usage in child dietary and exercise intervention[J]. CHINESE JOURNAL OF SCHOOL HEALTH, 2021, 42(9): 1336-1339. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.09.014

儿童饮食运动行为干预中手机APP使用的依从性及影响因素

doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.09.014
基金项目: 

国家重点研发计划项目资助 2016YFC1300204

国家自然科学基金项目 81903343

详细信息
    作者简介:

    李文灏(1995-),女,山东济南人,在读硕士,主要研究方向为儿童生长发育/肥胖流行病学

    通讯作者:

    王海俊,E-mail:whjun1@bjmu.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: G 802 R 179

Compliance and associated factors of smartphone application usage in child dietary and exercise intervention

  • 摘要:   目的  研究儿童饮食运动行为干预中手机应用程序(APP)使用的依从性及其影响因素,为未来提高干预依从性提供科学依据。  方法  基于在北京、山西长治和新疆乌鲁木齐3座城市开展的一项儿童饮食运动行为干预项目,通过整群随机对照试验,调查干预组694名儿童和家长在干预过程中手机APP使用情况,通过APP点击次数评估APP使用依从性,通过Logistic回归模型分析可能影响APP使用依从性的因素。  结果  手机APP在知识传播、行为监测、家庭作业上传和评估反馈4个部分使用次数M(P25, P75)分别为10(5, 21)、20(14, 26)、7(4, 10)、26(15, 53)次。多因素Logistic回归分析发现,长治地区(OR=1.67,95%CI=1.12~2.48)和主要照顾者为母亲(OR=1.55,95%CI=1.09~2.22)的研究对象对APP使用的依从性较好,而母亲有工作者(OR=0.47,95%CI=0.31~0.74)对APP使用的依从性较差(P值均 < 0.05)。  结论  儿童饮食运动行为干预中手机APP使用依从性较好,地区、主要照顾者是否为母亲、母亲是否工作可能影响依从性的因素。
  • 表  1  不同组别儿童手机APP使用依从性的单因素分析

    Table  1.   Univariate analysis on compliance of mobile APP usage

    组别 选项 人数 依从性较好 OR值(OR值95%CI) P
    报告人数 报告率/%
    性别 346 170 49.13 0.94(0.70~1.27) 0.70
    348 176 50.57 1.00
    地区 北京 257 119 46.30 1.06(0.74~1.50) 0.76
    长治 199 120 60.30 1.86(1.27~2.73) < 0.01
    乌鲁木齐 238 107 44.96 1.00
    干预前是否超重肥胖 268 130 48.51 0.92(0.68~1.24) 0.57
    426 216 50.70 1.00
    是否为独生子女 414 195 47.10 0.76(0.56~1.03) 0.08
    274 148 54.01 1.00
    父亲文化程度 大专及以上 369 175 47.43 0.78(0.58~1.06) 0.11
    大专以下 306 164 53.59 1.00
    母亲文化程度 大专及以上 405 192 47.41 0.75(0.55~1.03) 0.07
    大专以下 270 147 54.44 1.00
    主要照顾者是否为母亲 512 272 53.13 1.65(1.17~2.33) < 0.01
    182 74 40.66 1.00
    母亲是否有工作 563 265 47.07 0.46(0.30~0.71) < 0.01
    106 70 66.04 1.00
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2021-01-17
  • 修回日期:  2021-05-20
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-09-24
  • 刊出日期:  2021-09-24

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