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广州市2012—2020年小儿轮状病毒腹泻与气压的关联

李丽娟 原皓 何依伶 郭巧芝 赵丹洋 陈琴

李丽娟, 原皓, 何依伶, 郭巧芝, 赵丹洋, 陈琴. 广州市2012—2020年小儿轮状病毒腹泻与气压的关联[J]. 中国学校卫生, 2023, 44(9): 1392-1395. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2023.09.025
引用本文: 李丽娟, 原皓, 何依伶, 郭巧芝, 赵丹洋, 陈琴. 广州市2012—2020年小儿轮状病毒腹泻与气压的关联[J]. 中国学校卫生, 2023, 44(9): 1392-1395. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2023.09.025
LI Lijuan, YUAN Hao, HE Yiling, GUO Qiaozhi, ZHAO Danyang, CHEN Qin. The association between rotavirus diarrhea in children and atmospheric pressure in Guangzhou City from 2012 to 2020[J]. CHINESE JOURNAL OF SCHOOL HEALTH, 2023, 44(9): 1392-1395. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2023.09.025
Citation: LI Lijuan, YUAN Hao, HE Yiling, GUO Qiaozhi, ZHAO Danyang, CHEN Qin. The association between rotavirus diarrhea in children and atmospheric pressure in Guangzhou City from 2012 to 2020[J]. CHINESE JOURNAL OF SCHOOL HEALTH, 2023, 44(9): 1392-1395. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2023.09.025

广州市2012—2020年小儿轮状病毒腹泻与气压的关联

doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2023.09.025
基金项目: 

广东省中医药局中医药科研项目 20222163

广州市卫生健康科技项目 2021A010022

详细信息
    作者简介:

    李丽娟(1983-), 女, 河北邯郸人, 博士, 副主任医师, 主要研究方向为医院质量管理、疾病管理

    通讯作者:

    原皓,E-mail:462810085@qq.com

  • 利益冲突声明  所有作者声明无利益冲突。
  • 中图分类号: R511  R181.3  R179

The association between rotavirus diarrhea in children and atmospheric pressure in Guangzhou City from 2012 to 2020

  • 摘要:   目的  探究广州市不同气压水平暴露对小儿轮状病毒腹泻发病的影响, 为提高公众对于高气压暴露后的风险干预提供参考。  方法  通过中国传染病网络报告系统和中国气象科学数据共享服务网收集2012—2020年广州市小儿轮状病毒腹泻的每日发病数及同期气象数据, 利用分布滞后非线性模型(distributed lag non-linear models, DLNM)分析小儿轮状病毒腹泻发病与气压的关联, 进一步评估不同性别、年龄段人群在不同气压水平暴露后的风险。  结果  2012—2020年累计报告小儿轮状病毒腹泻发病共18 587例, 其中男童11 662例(62.7%), 6~ < 24月龄儿童构成比最高(67.7%, 12 582例)。DLNM结果显示, 极端高气压天气暴露当天, 小儿轮状病毒腹泻发病风险最高(RR=1.50, 95%CI=1.24~1.82, P < 0.05), 且影响可持续28 d; 低气压的暴露后2周内对小儿轮状病毒腹泻发病风险较低(P值均 < 0.05)。极端高压天气期间, 女童的发病风险(RR=3.31, 95%CI=1.46~7.49, P < 0.05)高于男童(RR=1.98, 95%CI=0.96~4.07, P>0.05)。不同年龄亚组中, 在所观测气压最大值暴露后, 24~ < 60月龄儿童发病风险最高(RR=3.36, 95%CI=1.27~8.89, P < 0.05)。  结论  广州高气压的暴露会增加小儿轮状病毒腹泻发病风险。未来应提高公众对于高气压暴露后的风险意识。
    1)  利益冲突声明  所有作者声明无利益冲突。
  • 图  1  广州市2012—2020年小儿轮状病毒腹泻日病例数折线图

    Figure  1.  Line chart of daily cases of rotavirus diarrhea among children from Guangzhou during 2012 to 2020

    图  2  高、低位气压暴露对小儿轮状病毒腹泻发病影响

    Figure  2.  The impact of high and low atmospheric pressure exposure on the incidence of rotavirus diarrhea in children

    图  3  不同气压暴露对不同年龄儿童轮状病毒腹泻发病影响

    Figure  3.  The impact of different atmospheric pressure exposure on the incidence of rotavirus diarrhea of different age children

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2023-07-14
  • 修回日期:  2023-07-23
  • 网络出版日期:  2023-09-28
  • 刊出日期:  2023-09-25

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