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24 h活动行为对大学生体质健康影响的等时替代效益

宋云峰 谭思洁 齐玉刚 冯展鹏 张国俊 曹立全

宋云峰, 谭思洁, 齐玉刚, 冯展鹏, 张国俊, 曹立全. 24 h活动行为对大学生体质健康影响的等时替代效益[J]. 中国学校卫生, 2023, 44(9): 1382-1386. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2023.09.023
引用本文: 宋云峰, 谭思洁, 齐玉刚, 冯展鹏, 张国俊, 曹立全. 24 h活动行为对大学生体质健康影响的等时替代效益[J]. 中国学校卫生, 2023, 44(9): 1382-1386. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2023.09.023
SONG Yunfeng, TAN Sijie, QI Yugang, FENG Zhanpeng, ZHANG Guojun, CAO Liquan. The isochronous substitution effect of 24-hour activity behavior on physical health of college students[J]. CHINESE JOURNAL OF SCHOOL HEALTH, 2023, 44(9): 1382-1386. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2023.09.023
Citation: SONG Yunfeng, TAN Sijie, QI Yugang, FENG Zhanpeng, ZHANG Guojun, CAO Liquan. The isochronous substitution effect of 24-hour activity behavior on physical health of college students[J]. CHINESE JOURNAL OF SCHOOL HEALTH, 2023, 44(9): 1382-1386. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2023.09.023

24 h活动行为对大学生体质健康影响的等时替代效益

doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2023.09.023
基金项目: 

国家社科基金教育科学规划课题 BLA220234

详细信息
    作者简介:

    宋云峰(1998-), 男, 山西临汾人, 在读硕士, 主要研究方向为运动与健康促进

    通讯作者:

    曹立全, E-mail: 276318552@qq.com

  • 利益冲突声明  所有作者声明无利益冲突。
  • 中图分类号: G804.49  G806  R179

The isochronous substitution effect of 24-hour activity behavior on physical health of college students

  • 摘要:   目的  建立等时替代模型探讨在校大学生24 h活动行为与体质健康的关联及替代效应, 为大学生改善体质健康水平提供具体的活动行为建议。  方法  于2023年4—5月采用分层随机整群抽样法, 对天津市12所高校2 794名大学生进行体质健康测试与24 h活动行为调查, 调查内容为久坐(SB)时间、低强度体力活动(LPA)时间、中高强度体力活动(MVPA)时间与睡眠(SLP)时间; 采用成分等时替代方法, 探究24 h活动行为与体质健康的量效关系。  结果  除50 m跑外, MVPA与BMI-Z呈负相关(β=-0.62), 但与其余体质指标呈正相关(β=0.34~274.23);LPA与肺活量、坐位体前屈和50 m跑无相关性, 与其余体质指标呈负相关(β=-14.30~-0.19);SB与多数体质指标呈负相关(β=-11.57~-0.33), 但与BMI-Z呈正相关(β=0.45);除肺活量外, SLP与BMI-Z、体质总分、1 min仰卧起坐、引体向上、800/1 000 m跑、坐位体前屈、50 m跑均呈正相关(β=0.27~11.21), 但与跳远呈负相关(β=-0.10)(P值均<0.05)。成分等时替代显示, 30 min/d的SB和LPA替代MVPA产生的不利效应均大于MVPA替代相应行为所产生的有益效应(体质总分: SB, -0.58和0.47分; LPA, -0.50和0.38分)。  结论  MVPA与SLP对大学生体质健康具有积极正向的影响效应。在改善大学生体质健康过程中, 保证睡眠充足, 尽可能提高MVPA和降低SB可能是有效方法之一。
    1)  利益冲突声明  所有作者声明无利益冲突。
  • 表  1  大学生24 h活动行为与体质健康之间的关联(β值,n=2 794)

    Table  1.   Association between 24-hour activity behavior and physical health among university students(β, n=2 794)

    活动行为 BMI-Z 肺活量 800/1 000 m跑 坐位体前屈 50 m跑 跳远 1 min仰卧起坐 引体向上 总分
    SLP 0.27* -208.33 9.07** 6.10** 0.76** -0.10* 11.21** 10.63* 6.41**
    SB 0.45** -169.10 -1.14 -9.97** -0.33* 0.04 -6.20* -11.57* -2.20*
    LPA -0.19* -121.66 -8.94** -1.54 -0.31 -0.19** -10.38** -14.30** -4.17**
    MVPA -0.62** 274.23** 14.13** 8.81** 0.28 0.34** 17.30** 19.34** 7.21**
    注: *P<0.05,**P<0.01。
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  24 h活动行为30 min等时替代与体质健康之间关联(n=2 794)

    Table  2.   Association between 24 h activity and 30 min isochronous substitution and physical health(n=2 794)

    指标 体力活动 SB↓ LPA↓ MVPA↓ SLP↓
    BMI-Z SB↑ -0.09 -0.29* -0.20*
    LPA↑ 0.11 -0.20* -0.11
    MVPA↑ 0.27* 0.16* 0.05
    SLP↑ 0.21* 0.11 -0.10*
    肺活量 SB↑ 0.09 -0.14 0.19*
    LPA↑ -0.10 -0.23* -0.10
    MVPA↑ 0.08 0.18* 0.28*
    SLP↑ -0.19* -0.09 -0.32*
    800/1 000 m跑 SB↑ 0.13 -0.52* -0.48*
    LPA↑ -0.17 -0.38* -0.34*
    MVPA↑ 0.51* 0.34* 0.01
    SLP↑ 0.50* 0.34* -0.05
    坐位体前屈 SB↑ 0.26 -0.72 -0.32
    LPA↑ -0.29 -0.46* -0.05
    MVPA↑ 0.65* 0.36 0.30
    SLP↑ 0.34* 0.05 -0.41*
    50 m跑 SB↑ -0.13 -0.21* -0.35*
    LPA↑ 0.15 -0.07 -0.22*
    MVPA↑ 0.22* 0.07 -0.15*
    SLP↑ 0.36* 0.21* 0.14
    跳远 SB↑ 0.05 -0.14 0.02*
    LPA↑ -0.05 -0.18* -0.03
    MVPA↑ 0.10 0.15* 0.12*
    SLP↑ -0.02 0.03* -0.16*
    1 min仰卧起坐 SB↑ 0.22 -0.96 -0.43*
    LPA↑ -0.26* -0.74 -0.20
    MVPA↑ 0.83 0.58 0.37
    SLP↑ 0.45* 0.20* -0.54
    引体向上 SB↑ 0.57 -1.82* -0.59*
    LPA↑ -0.64* -1.25 -0.22
    MVPA↑ 1.66* 1.03 1.00
    SLP↑ 0.66* 0.02 -1.23
    总分 SB↑ 0.08 -0.58* -0.26*
    LPA↑ 0.09 -0.50* 0.18
    MVPA↑ 0.47* 0.38* 0.20
    SLP↑ 0.26* 0.17* -0.33
    注: ↑代表该活动行为时间增加30 min,↓代表该活动行为时间减少30 min;* P<0.05;表中数据为得分变化值。
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2023-07-03
  • 修回日期:  2023-07-28
  • 网络出版日期:  2023-09-28
  • 刊出日期:  2023-09-25

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