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学龄前儿童园外运动行为问卷全国城市常模研究

王晓娟 张梦楠 许梦雪 何彦璐 匡晓妮 张雪娇 王念蓉 骆艳 杨琳 董文红 吴建新 张霆 朱宗涵 王健 童梅玲 关宏岩

王晓娟, 张梦楠, 许梦雪, 何彦璐, 匡晓妮, 张雪娇, 王念蓉, 骆艳, 杨琳, 董文红, 吴建新, 张霆, 朱宗涵, 王健, 童梅玲, 关宏岩. 学龄前儿童园外运动行为问卷全国城市常模研究[J]. 中国学校卫生, 2023, 44(9): 1328-1332. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2023.09.011
引用本文: 王晓娟, 张梦楠, 许梦雪, 何彦璐, 匡晓妮, 张雪娇, 王念蓉, 骆艳, 杨琳, 董文红, 吴建新, 张霆, 朱宗涵, 王健, 童梅玲, 关宏岩. 学龄前儿童园外运动行为问卷全国城市常模研究[J]. 中国学校卫生, 2023, 44(9): 1328-1332. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2023.09.011
WANG Xiaojuan, ZHANG Mengnan, XU Mengxue, HE Yanlu, KUANG Xiaoni, ZHANG Xuejiao, WANG Nianrong, LUO Yan, YANG Lin, DONG Wenhong, WU Jianxin, ZHANG Ting, ZHU Zonghan, WANG Jian, TONG Meiling, GUAN Hongyan. The norm of the Physical Activity afterschool Questionnaire for Preschooler (P-PAQ) in urban areas of China[J]. CHINESE JOURNAL OF SCHOOL HEALTH, 2023, 44(9): 1328-1332. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2023.09.011
Citation: WANG Xiaojuan, ZHANG Mengnan, XU Mengxue, HE Yanlu, KUANG Xiaoni, ZHANG Xuejiao, WANG Nianrong, LUO Yan, YANG Lin, DONG Wenhong, WU Jianxin, ZHANG Ting, ZHU Zonghan, WANG Jian, TONG Meiling, GUAN Hongyan. The norm of the Physical Activity afterschool Questionnaire for Preschooler (P-PAQ) in urban areas of China[J]. CHINESE JOURNAL OF SCHOOL HEALTH, 2023, 44(9): 1328-1332. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2023.09.011

学龄前儿童园外运动行为问卷全国城市常模研究

doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2023.09.011
基金项目: 

北京市属医学科研院所公益发展改革试点项目 京医研2021-3

详细信息
    作者简介:

    王晓娟(1994-),女,山西省人,硕士,初级医师,主要研究方向为儿童早期身体活动

    通讯作者:

    童梅玲,E-mail:meilingtong111@126.com

    关宏岩,E-mail:hongyanguan@126.com

  • 利益冲突声明  所有作者声明无利益冲突。
  • 中图分类号: R179  G806  R195

The norm of the Physical Activity afterschool Questionnaire for Preschooler (P-PAQ) in urban areas of China

  • 摘要:   目的  建立学龄前儿童园外运动行为问卷(P-PAQ)的中国城市常模,为从家庭方面进行分级指导、提高儿童身体活动水平提供依据。  方法  于2020年10月—2021年1月,采用分层整群抽样方法在全国六大行政区8个城市40所幼儿园调查6 267名3~6岁在园儿童,由儿童主要养育人填写本课题组前期研发的P-PAQ,获取园外期间的学龄前儿童身体活动量和家长运动观念与行为情况数据,前者使用百分位数法建立等级常模,后者使用均数法建立等级常模。  结果  学龄前儿童上学日园外和周末总活动时间、中高强度活动时间、户外活动时间及屏幕时间的M(P25P75)分别为84(54,120)、22(8,40)、12(0,24)、18(6,30)min/d;170(115,240)、60(30,95)、90(35,120)和30(20,60)min/d。家长运动观念与行为(40分)总分为≥34,29~ < 34,24~ < 29, < 24分,分别判定为较好、中等、中等偏低与较差4个水平。两个分维度中,家长运动观念得分为≥19,17~ < 19,15~ < 17, < 15分;家长运动行为得分为≥16,12~ < 16,8~ < 12, < 8分时,分别判定为较好、中等、中等偏低及较差水平。  结论  中国城市学龄前儿童的园外运动常模代表性良好,界值适当,对早期评估并指导3~6岁儿童园外运动行为具有较好的参考价值。
    1)  利益冲突声明  所有作者声明无利益冲突。
  • 表  1  不同组别学龄前儿童园外身体活动时间比较[M(P25, P75), min/d]

    Table  1.   Comparison of physical activity time of preschooler after school in different groups[M(P25, P75), min/d]

    组别 选项 人数 统计值 上学日园外 周末
    总活动时间 中高强度活动时间 户外活动时间 屏幕时间 总活动时间 中高强度活动时间 户外活动时间 屏幕时间
    性别 3 209 86(54, 122) 20(8, 38) 12(0, 24) 18(6, 30) 175(120, 240) 60(30, 95) 90(36, 120) 30(20, 60)
    3 058 81(53, 120) 23(10, 40) 12(0, 24) 18(6, 30) 165(110, 233) 60(30, 95) 80(30, 120) 30(18, 60)
    Z -2.29 -2.99 -1.01 -1.41 -3.40 -1.41 -1.42 -2.28
    P 0.02 < 0.01 0.31 0.16 < 0.01 0.16 0.16 0.02
    班级 小班 2 030 82(52, 120) 18(6, 34) 12(4, 24) 16(4, 30) 165(110, 230) 50(28, 85) 90(60, 135) 30(15, 50)
    中班 2 161 86(54, 122) 23(9, 40) 12(3, 24) 18(6, 30) 172(117, 240) 60(30, 95) 90(45, 120) 30(30, 60)
    大班 2 076 84(54, 120) 26(12, 44) 12(0, 24) 18(6, 30) 170(118, 240) 65(35, 105) 60(30, 120) 35(20, 60)
    H 3.04 109.76 7.02 12.02 6.24 78.27 39.35 37.18
    P 0.22 < 0.01 0.03 < 0.01 0.04 < 0.01 < 0.01 < 0.01
    城市 北京 702 80(53, 116) 18(6, 34) 12(0, 23) 20(9, 32) 180(130, 250) 63(35, 105) 90(45, 120) 30(20, 60)
    沈阳 760 84(53, 120) 18(5, 32) 12(0, 18) 16(4, 30) 170(120, 240) 58(30, 95) 60(30, 120) 30(15, 45)
    长沙 847 84(56, 119) 23(10, 42) 12(6, 24) 14(6, 26) 180(117, 243) 68(35, 103) 90(60, 135) 30(15, 45)
    南京 835 93(64, 130) 29(15, 44) 12(8, 24) 15(6, 28) 170(122, 230) 65(40, 100) 120(60, 150) 30(15, 50)
    杭州 928 68(42, 102) 16(6, 32) 12(0, 24) 24(12, 36) 135(85, 185) 42(20, 75) 60(30, 120) 33(20, 60)
    贵阳 990 88(57, 124) 24(10, 42) 12(6, 24) 20(6, 30) 180(120, 254) 68(35, 110) 90(45, 150) 35(20, 60)
    重庆 683 104(62, 140) 30(12, 50) 12(0, 24) 20(4, 30) 195(134, 275) 72(35, 110) 90(30, 133) 40(20, 60)
    西安 522 75(47, 108) 18(6, 38) 12(0, 24) 12(3, 24) 165(110, 225) 65(34, 111) 60(0, 120) 30(19, 60)
    H 202.51 223.10 129.66 177.74 233.25 191.19 186.56 119.31
    P < 0.01 < 0.01 < 0.01 < 0.01 < 0.01 < 0.01 < 0.01 < 0.01
    总计 6 267 84(54, 120) 22(8, 40) 12(0, 24) 18(6, 30) 170(115, 240) 60(30, 95) 90(35, 120) 30(20, 60)
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  不同组别儿童家长运动观念与运动行为得分比较(x±s)

    Table  2.   Comparison of parents' concept and physical activity behavior scores in different groups(x±s)

    组别 选项 人数 统计值 运动观念 运动行为 总分
    性别 3 209 17.6±2.3 12.3±3.9 29.8±5.1
    3 058 17.3±2.4 12.1±3.8 29.4±5.2
    t 4.37 1.97 3.45
    P < 0.01 0.04 < 0.01
    班级 小班 2 030 17.5±2.4 12.4±3.8 29.8±5.1
    中班 2 161 17.5±2.3 12.1±3.8 29.6±5.1
    大班 2 076 17.3±2.4 12.0±3.9 29.4±5.3
    F 3.43 4.57 4.44
    P 0.03 0.01 0.01
    城市 北京 702 17.8±2.1 11.9±4.1 29.6±5.3
    沈阳 760 17.4±2.4 11.7±3.9 29.1±5.2
    长沙 847 17.6±2.1 12.0±3.6 29.6±4.7
    南京 835 17.7±2.1 12.2±3.9 29.9±5.1
    杭州 928 17.0±2.7 11.6±4.0 28.6±5.8
    贵阳 990 17.8±2.2 12.8±3.7 30.6±5.0
    重庆 683 17.0±2.5 12.8±3.5 29.8±5.0
    西安 522 17.1±2.3 12.5±3.7 29.6±5.1
    F 16.92 12.66 11.45
    P < 0.01 < 0.01 < 0.01
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2023-07-10
  • 修回日期:  2023-07-23
  • 网络出版日期:  2023-09-28
  • 刊出日期:  2023-09-25

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