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篮球锻炼对肥胖初中生体成分干预效果评价

宋忠良 季鸿静 彭冲 童为城 孙贵龙

宋忠良, 季鸿静, 彭冲, 童为城, 孙贵龙. 篮球锻炼对肥胖初中生体成分干预效果评价[J]. 中国学校卫生, 2021, 42(11): 1717-1719, 1723. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.11.026
引用本文: 宋忠良, 季鸿静, 彭冲, 童为城, 孙贵龙. 篮球锻炼对肥胖初中生体成分干预效果评价[J]. 中国学校卫生, 2021, 42(11): 1717-1719, 1723. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.11.026
SONG Zhongliang, JI Hongjing, PENG Chong, TONG Weicheng, SUN Guilong. Effectiveness of basketball exercise on body composition among obese junior middle school students[J]. CHINESE JOURNAL OF SCHOOL HEALTH, 2021, 42(11): 1717-1719, 1723. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.11.026
Citation: SONG Zhongliang, JI Hongjing, PENG Chong, TONG Weicheng, SUN Guilong. Effectiveness of basketball exercise on body composition among obese junior middle school students[J]. CHINESE JOURNAL OF SCHOOL HEALTH, 2021, 42(11): 1717-1719, 1723. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.11.026

篮球锻炼对肥胖初中生体成分干预效果评价

doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.11.026
基金项目: 

中南民族大学中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金项目 中南民族大学中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金项目(CSQ21015

2020年湖北省教学研究项目 2020299

详细信息
    作者简介:

    宋忠良(1982-),男,河南南阳人,博士,副教授,主要研究方向为体育运动与健康促进

    通讯作者:

    孙贵龙,E-mail:464644613@qq.com

  • 中图分类号: R723.14  G806  G627.8

Effectiveness of basketball exercise on body composition among obese junior middle school students

  • 摘要:   目的  探讨不同强度篮球锻炼对肥胖初中生体成分的干预效果,为肥胖初中生制定减肥降脂计划提供理论支持。  方法  2020年9—11月,运用典型抽样法,在武汉光谷实验中学抽取48名单纯性肥胖初中生为研究对象,将其分为大、中、小强度篮球训练组和对照组(各12名),对实验组进行为期12周,3次/周,45 min/次不同运动强度的篮球锻炼干预,对照组不做干预,并对干预前后体成分指标进行统计比较。  结果  经过12周小强度篮球锻炼后,肥胖初中生体脂百分比干预后(32.16±2.26)%与干预前(34.44±2.35)%相比差异有统计学意义(t=3.52,P < 0.05),体重、BMI、腰围、骨骼肌干预前后差异均无统计学意义(t值分别为2.31,1.98,1.26,-1.65,P值均 > 0.05)。中强度篮球锻炼对肥胖初中生的体重、体质量指数(BMI)、体脂百分比和腰围在干预前后差异均有统计学意义(t值分别为3.44,3.76,6.56,2.45,P值均 < 0.05)。高强度篮球锻炼后,所有指标干预前后差异均有统计学意义(t值分别为4.14,5.18,11.26,5.89,-2.56,P值均 < 0.05)。  结论  12周篮球锻炼可以有效地改善肥胖初中生体成分的各项指标,高强度篮球锻炼的效果最好,其次为中、小强度,锻炼强度越大效果越好。
  • 表  1  不同组别肥胖初中生干预前后体成分指标比较(x±s)

    Table  1.   Comparison of body composition indexes of obese junior middle school students in different groups before and after intervention(x±s)

    组别 干预前后 统计值 体重/kg BMI/(kg·m-2) 体脂百分比/% 腰围/cm 骨骼肌/kg
    对照组 干预前 64.92±3.28 27.22±1.48 34.42±2.34 89.42±3.34 20.58±5.36
    (n=12) 干预后 64.90±3.26 27.21±1.44 33.67±2.33 89.26±2.88 22.26±4.28
    t 0.02 0.04 0.78 0.25 -1.98
    P >0.05 >0.05 >0.05 >0.05 >0.05
    小强度组 干预前 64.94±3.24 27.21±1.47 34.44±2.35 89.44±3.36 21.26±5.19
    (n=12) 干预后 64.72±3.11 26.76±1.47 32.16±2.26 87.69±3.24 22.94±4.54
    t 2.31 1.98 3.52 1.26 -1.65
    P >0.05 >0.05 <0.05 >0.05 >0.05
    中强度组 干预前 64.89±3.29 27.25±1.46 34.46±2.35 89.47±3.32 20.98±5.74
    (n=12) 干预后 61.44±2.57 24.67±1.46 31.56±2.29 85.26±3.26 22.68±4.72
    t 3.44 3.76 6.56 2.45 -1.95
    P <0.05 <0.01 <0.05 <0.05 >0.05
    大强度组 干预前 64.91±3.26 27.26±1.44 34.45±2.34 89.47±3.32 21.24±4.62
    (n=12) 干预后 59.14±4.22 24.23±1.46 30.29±2.18 80.28±3.47 23.68±4.28
    t 4.14 5.18 11.26 5.89 -2.56
    P <0.01 <0.01 <0.01 <0.01 <0.05
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2021-04-17
  • 修回日期:  2021-08-09
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-12-01
  • 刊出日期:  2021-11-25

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