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宁夏汉族中小学生2000—2019年超重与肥胖变化趋势

张慧 赵海萍 黄子睿 张淑静 潘婷婷 牛晓丽

张慧, 赵海萍, 黄子睿, 张淑静, 潘婷婷, 牛晓丽. 宁夏汉族中小学生2000—2019年超重与肥胖变化趋势[J]. 中国学校卫生, 2021, 42(11): 1712-1716. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.11.025
引用本文: 张慧, 赵海萍, 黄子睿, 张淑静, 潘婷婷, 牛晓丽. 宁夏汉族中小学生2000—2019年超重与肥胖变化趋势[J]. 中国学校卫生, 2021, 42(11): 1712-1716. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.11.025
ZHANG Hui, ZHAO Haiping, HUANG Zirui, ZHANG Shujing, PAN Tingting, NIU Xiaoli. Trends of overweight and prevalence among Ningxia Han ethnic students during 2000-2019[J]. CHINESE JOURNAL OF SCHOOL HEALTH, 2021, 42(11): 1712-1716. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.11.025
Citation: ZHANG Hui, ZHAO Haiping, HUANG Zirui, ZHANG Shujing, PAN Tingting, NIU Xiaoli. Trends of overweight and prevalence among Ningxia Han ethnic students during 2000-2019[J]. CHINESE JOURNAL OF SCHOOL HEALTH, 2021, 42(11): 1712-1716. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.11.025

宁夏汉族中小学生2000—2019年超重与肥胖变化趋势

doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.11.025
详细信息
    作者简介:

    张慧(1996-),女,陕西延安人,在读硕士,主要研究方向为儿童青少年生长发育及慢性病防治

    通讯作者:

    牛晓丽,E-mail: niulh63@163.com

  • 中图分类号: R723.14  G478  R179

Trends of overweight and prevalence among Ningxia Han ethnic students during 2000-2019

  • 摘要:   目的  了解2000—2019年宁夏7~18岁汉族中小学生超重肥胖变化趋势,为预防控制儿童青少年超重肥胖提供科学依据。  方法  基于2000—2019年5次“全国学生体质与健康调研”中宁夏地区数据,选取7~18岁汉族中小学生体重、身高等数据进行趋势分析。  结果  2019年宁夏7~18岁儿童青少年超重和肥胖检出率分别为13.34%(1 181/8 855),9.19%(814/8 855),男生2000—2019年超重增长率为11.68%,肥胖增长率为10.07%(χ2=27.60,P<0.01)。女生2000—2019年超重增长率为6.95%,肥胖增长率为5.77%(χ2=33.82,P<0.01)。城市男生的超重和肥胖总体增长率均最高,为11.38%和10.45%。农村男生的超重和肥胖增长率在2010年之后均高于城市男生(χ2值分别为13.90,17.09,P值均<0.05),女生肥胖增长率在2014年之后农村均高于城市(χ2值分别为9.94,33.39,P值均<0.05)。不论是城市还是农村,经济发展片区由好到差时,超重和肥胖检出率由高到低(χ2值分别为35.19,35.35,P值均<0.01)。  结论  2000—2019年宁夏中小学生超重、肥胖检出率及体质量指数趋于持续性增长趋势,且农村超重和肥胖增长率逐渐超过城市。预防儿童青少年超重肥胖的具体措施应尽快制定,降低因儿童青少年超重肥胖所造成的社会经济负担。
  • 图  1  2000—2019年不同年龄男女生超重增长率

    Figure  1.  Growth rate of overweight by gender and age from 2000 to 2019

    图  2  2000—2019年不同年龄男女生肥胖增长率

    Figure  2.  Growth rate of obesity by gender and age from 2000 to 2019

    表  1  宁夏汉族7~18岁不同性别儿童青少年BMI比较(x±s,kg/m2)

    Table  1.   BMI of Han children and adolescents aged 7 to 18 in Ningxia from 2000 to 2019(x±s, kg/m2)

    年龄/岁 男生(n=19 332) 女生(n=18 634) t P
    2000年 2005年 2010年 2014年 2019年 2000年 2005年 2010年 2014年 2019年
    7 15.03±2.14 15.98±2.57 15.81±2.21 15.39±2.05 16.49±2.43 14.42±1.17 15.12±2.47 15.20±1.83 15.06±2.05 15.56±2.76 385.53 <0.01
    8 15.23±1.69 16.22±2.10 16.33±2.50 16.17±2.53 17.31±4.69 14.70±1.28 15.53±1.83 15.50±2.36 15.36±1.91 16.02±3.05 332.63 <0.01
    9 15.62±1.81 16.45±2.49 16.46±2.94 16.94±3.01 17.48±3.34 14.96±1.55 15.88±2.09 15.84±2.10 15.95±2.35 16.39±2.71 358.78 <0.01
    10 16.21±2.47 17.09±2.89 17.43±3.32 17.44±3.11 17.82±3.24 15.65±2.72 16.21±2.30 16.55±2.62 16.76±2.57 16.84±2.82 337.25 <0.01
    11 16.53±2.41 17.58±2.81 17.75±3.26 18.20±3.39 19.01±3.97 16.13±2.26 16.98±2.50 17.22±2.79 17.33±2.90 18.07±3.69 314.83 <0.01
    12 16.73±2.00 17.77±2.62 18.09±3.20 19.00±3.31 19.32±3.75 16.92±2.15 17.47±2.47 17.62±2.52 18.59±3.11 18.67±2.79 339.18 <0.01
    13 17.36±2.27 18.24±2.73 18.47±2.99 19.17±3.42 20.21±3.92 18.23±2.38 18.35±2.45 18.46±2.77 19.01±2.75 19.90±3.12 335.08 <0.01
    14 18.35±2.30 19.33±3.02 18.94±3.23 20.36±3.91 20.69±4.47 19.18±2.49 19.73±2.26 19.17±3.90 20.08±2.91 20.26±3.48 320.82 <0.01
    15 18.97±2.14 19.41±2.96 19.62±3.17 20.29±3.44 20.38±3.20 19.80±2.19 19.96±2.48 19.70±2.64 20.18±2.77 21.00±2.96 384.12 <0.01
    16 19.28±2.08 20.47±3.19 19.87±2.79 20.80±3.39 21.35±3.81 20.39±2.09 20.56±2.34 20.11±2.62 20.96±2.90 21.38±3.06 384.04 <0.01
    17 19.55±1.69 20.61±2.80 20.39±3.08 21.30±3.57 21.55±3.83 20.87±2.19 20.98±2.88 20.26±2.45 20.89±2.77 21.51±3.17 390.68 <0.01
    18 20.49±2.19 20.89±3.00 20.75±2.95 21.30±3.44 22.22±3.90 21.19±2.26 21.01±2.18 20.57±2.47 20.70±2.54 21.48±3.80 373.56 <0.01
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  • 收稿日期:  2021-06-16
  • 修回日期:  2021-08-19
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-12-01
  • 刊出日期:  2021-11-25

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