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高强度间歇训练对青少年认知执行功能影响的Meta分析

胡琰茹 武亭亭 谭伊杰 曾翠兰 史蒂坚

胡琰茹, 武亭亭, 谭伊杰, 曾翠兰, 史蒂坚. 高强度间歇训练对青少年认知执行功能影响的Meta分析[J]. 中国学校卫生, 2021, 42(11): 1692-1697. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.11.021
引用本文: 胡琰茹, 武亭亭, 谭伊杰, 曾翠兰, 史蒂坚. 高强度间歇训练对青少年认知执行功能影响的Meta分析[J]. 中国学校卫生, 2021, 42(11): 1692-1697. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.11.021
HU Yanru, WU Tingting, TAN Yijie, ZENG Cuilan, SHI Dijian. Meta-analysis of effectiveness of high intensity interval training on cognitive executive function of adolescents[J]. CHINESE JOURNAL OF SCHOOL HEALTH, 2021, 42(11): 1692-1697. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.11.021
Citation: HU Yanru, WU Tingting, TAN Yijie, ZENG Cuilan, SHI Dijian. Meta-analysis of effectiveness of high intensity interval training on cognitive executive function of adolescents[J]. CHINESE JOURNAL OF SCHOOL HEALTH, 2021, 42(11): 1692-1697. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.11.021

高强度间歇训练对青少年认知执行功能影响的Meta分析

doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.11.021
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金项目 31900843

详细信息
    作者简介:

    胡琰茹(1984-  ),女,山西阳泉人,博士,副教授,主要研究方向为运动人体科学

    通讯作者:

    史蒂坚,E-mail:dg504@163.com

  • 中图分类号: R179  G808

Meta-analysis of effectiveness of high intensity interval training on cognitive executive function of adolescents

  • 摘要:   目的  通过Meta分析探讨高强度间歇训练对青少年认知执行功能的影响,为医疗康复治疗和体育教育实践活动提供参考依据。  方法  以“高强度间歇训练”“认知功能”“执行功能”“High-Intensity Interval Training”“Cognition”“Cognition Function”“Executive Function”“Exercutive Controls”等关键词检索Pubmed、Cochrane library、Web of science、Embase、知网、万方和维普数据库,收集建库至2020年9月20日公开发表的关于高强度间歇训练对青少年认知执行功能影响相关的文献,运用Stata 14软件和Revman 5.3软件对纳入的10篇文献进行Meta分析,并采用固定效应模型或者随机效应模型进行效应量合并。  结果  急性高强度间歇运动后即刻Stroop测试反应时显著缩短(SMD=0.70,95%CI=0.28~1.11,z=3.29,P < 0.01);运动后30 min Stroop测试反应时变化无统计学意义(SMD=0.23,95%CI=-0.14~0.60,z=1.23,P>0.05);运动后即刻Stroop测试正确率显著提高(SMD=0.26,95%CI=0.03~0.50,z=2.21,P < 0.05);运动后30 min Stroop测试正确率变化无统计学意义(SMD=-1.38,95%CI=-4.28~1.52,z=0.93,P>0.05);长期高强度间歇训练干预后Stroop测试和连线测试反应时显著缩短(SMD=0.38,95%CI=0.07~0.70,z=2.41,P < 0.05)。  结论  急性与长期高强度间歇训练均可有效改善青少年的认知执行功能,但急性训练的后效应作用不明显。
  • 图  1  急性高强度间歇训练对青少年运动后即刻反应时影响

    注:A组指对身体相对比较活跃的青少年进行干预(54个样本),B组指对身体活动不太活跃的青少年进行干预(36个样本)。

    Figure  1.  Forest diagram of the impact of acute high-intensity interval training on the immediate reaction time of adolescents after exercise

    图  2  急性高强度间歇训练对青少年即刻反应时影响的敏感性分析

    注:A组指对身体相对比较活跃的青少年进行干预(54个样本),B组指对身体活动不太活跃的青少年进行干预(36个样本)。

    Figure  2.  Sensitivity analysis of the effect of acute high-intensity interval training on the reaction time of adolescents

    图  3  急性高强度间歇训练对青少年运动后30 min反应时影响

    Figure  3.  Forest diagram of the effect of acute high-intensity interval training on the reaction time of adolescents after 30 minutes of exercise

    图  4  急性高强度间歇训练对青少年运动后即刻正确率影响

    注:A组指对身体相对比较活跃的青少年进行干预(54个样本),B组指对身体活动不太活跃的青少年进行干预(36个样本)。

    Figure  4.  Forest diagram of the effect of acute high-intensity interval training on the correct rate of adolescents immediately after exercise

    图  5  急性高强度间歇训练对青少年运动后30 min正确率影响

    Figure  5.  The forest diagram of the effect of acute high-intensity interval training on the correct rate of adolescents 30 minutes after exercise

    图  6  长期高强度间歇训练对青少年反应时影响

    注:AEP组主要包括高强度的心肺运动,RAP组主要包括高强度的心肺和体重阻力训练。

    Figure  6.  Forest diagram of the impact of long-term high-intensity interval training on the reaction time of adolescents

    表  1  研究纳入文献的基本特征

    Table  1.   Basic characteristics of the literature included in this study

    第一作者及年份 研究类型 样本量 运动方案/强度 持续时间 实验组干预前/后效应值 结局指标
    实验组 对照组 即刻反应时 30 min后反应时 即刻正确率/% 30 min后正确率/%
    Tsukamoto(2016)[13] RCT 12 HIIT(~90%HRmax) 即刻测试 12 065±2 588/10 263±2 033 ms 12 065±2 588/10 866±2 442.2 ms 98.6±1.7/97.1±2.1 98.6±1.7/97.6±2.1 Stroop
    Bahdur(2019)[17] 非RCT(单臂) 44 HIIT 即刻测试 56.5±11.7/49.2±8.9 s Stroop
    Aguirre-Loaiza(2019)[18] RCT 54/36 HIIT(76%~96%HRmax) 即刻测试 A: 73.4±14.3/68.7±11.8 s B: 67.7±16.5/64±8 s A: 98.7±1.9/97.1±8.7 B:98.2±2.5/98.3±1.6 Stroop
    Cooper(2016)[14] RCT 44 HIIT[(181±13)次/min] 即刻测试 1 103±34/1 043±37 s 95.8±5.2/94.1±10.3 Stroop
    Cooper(2018)[19] RCT 39 HIIT[(197±9)次/min] 即刻测试 1 187±237/1 114±181 s 96.6±6.2/94.2±7.5 Stroop
    Tsukamoto(2016)[20] 非RCT(单臂) 12 HIIT(90% peak VO2) 即刻测试 10 592±2 414/9 336±2 148 s 10 592±2 415/9 902±2 383 ms 96.7±3.8/96.7±3.1 96.7±3.8/97.5±2.7 Stroop
    张庆举(2020)[21] RCT 14 HIIT(~90%HRmax) 不干预 3次/8周 893.4±174.4/810.6±143.7 ms Stroop
    Costigan(2016)[22] RCT 21/22 HIIT(74.04%,77.58%HRmax) 常规体育课 3次/8周 AEP:36.1±17.1/32.8±17.8 s RAP:39.9±17.0/32.8±18.6 s TMT
    张国晓(2019)[9] 非RCT(双臂) 23 HIIT 有氧持续训练 3次/6周 892.72±170.36/819.86±130.99 s Stroop
    唐浩轩(2019)[8] 非RCT(单臂) 33 HIIT(85%HRR) 即刻测试 1 176.4±1 144.7/1 028.1±1 209.2 ms 92.08±1.49/97.08±0.57 Stroop
    注:TMT为连续测试,Stoop为Stoop测试;A组指对身体相对比较活跃的青少年进行干预(54个样本),B组指对身体活动不太活跃的青少年进行干预(36个样本);AEP组主要包括高强度的心肺运动,RAP组主要包括高强度的心肺和体重阻力训练。
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2021-02-18
  • 修回日期:  2021-05-12
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-12-01
  • 刊出日期:  2021-11-25

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