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发展性阅读障碍儿童视觉注意广度及动作视频游戏干预效果研究

刘芳芳 左彭湘 唐淑婷 高小焱 何红瑶

刘芳芳, 左彭湘, 唐淑婷, 高小焱, 何红瑶. 发展性阅读障碍儿童视觉注意广度及动作视频游戏干预效果研究[J]. 中国学校卫生, 2021, 42(11): 1665-1669. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.11.015
引用本文: 刘芳芳, 左彭湘, 唐淑婷, 高小焱, 何红瑶. 发展性阅读障碍儿童视觉注意广度及动作视频游戏干预效果研究[J]. 中国学校卫生, 2021, 42(11): 1665-1669. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.11.015
LIU Fangfang, ZUO Pengxiang, TANG Shuting, GAO Xiaoyan, HE Hongyao. Visual attention span and intervention effect of acttion video game in children with developmental dyslexia[J]. CHINESE JOURNAL OF SCHOOL HEALTH, 2021, 42(11): 1665-1669. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.11.015
Citation: LIU Fangfang, ZUO Pengxiang, TANG Shuting, GAO Xiaoyan, HE Hongyao. Visual attention span and intervention effect of acttion video game in children with developmental dyslexia[J]. CHINESE JOURNAL OF SCHOOL HEALTH, 2021, 42(11): 1665-1669. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.11.015

发展性阅读障碍儿童视觉注意广度及动作视频游戏干预效果研究

doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.11.015
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金项目 81760597

详细信息
    作者简介:

    刘芳芳(1995-  ),女,四川南充人,在读硕士,主要研究方向为临床护理学及小儿发展性阅读障碍

    通讯作者:

    左彭湘,E-mail: zuo_pengxiang@sina.com

  • 中图分类号: R179  R748  G478

Visual attention span and intervention effect of acttion video game in children with developmental dyslexia

  • 摘要:   目的  研究新疆地区发展性阅读障碍(developmental dyslexia, DD)儿童视觉注意广度特点,同时探究动作视频游戏训练对视觉注意广度的影响机理,为改善阅读障碍儿童的视觉注意广度能力提供参考。  方法  于2020年7—11月,采用随机整群抽样法从新疆某地区5所小学三至五年级学生中筛选出符合条件的阅读障碍组(DD)、生理年龄匹配组(CA)及阅读水平匹配组(RL)各120名,比较其视觉注意广度差异,并采用动作视频游戏对DD组儿童进行干预训练,通过方差分析对其视觉注意广度变化规律进行研究。  结果  DD组正确率及辨别力指数(0.68±0.10, 1.21±0.87)小于CA组(0.77±0.99, 1.80±0.83)和RL组(0.71±0.11, 1.50±0.75) (F值分别为21.26,15.19,P值均 < 0.05);3组儿童在反应时上差异无统计学意义(P>0.05);3个年级DD儿童视觉注意广度的正确率(0.63±0.12, 0.71±0.11, 0.70±0.10)、反应时(760.51±185.83, 782.74±149.20, 857.27±155.44)、辨别力(0.84±0.81, 1.51±0.19, 1.29±0.10)差异均有统计学意义(F值分别为6.37,3.81,3.16,P值均 < 0.05)。进行12 h的动作视频游戏训练后,DD干预组的正确率、辨别力(0.74±0.10, 1.53±0.88)高于DD空白对照组(0.68±0.14, 1.06±0.97)(P值均 < 0.05),与RL组差异无统计学意义(0.76±0.12, 1.73±0.71)(P>0.05),但与CA组差异有统计学意义(0.81±0.94, 2.17±0.79)(P < 0.05)。  结论  阅读障碍儿童存在视觉注意广度缺陷, 且有年级差异;动作视频游戏干预能够一定程度改善阅读障碍儿童的视觉注意广度能力。
  • 表  1  不同年级3组儿童VAS测试得分(x±s)

    Table  1.   Comparison of VAS test scores of three groups of children in different grades(x±s)

    年级 组别 人数 正确率 反应时/ms d'值
    DD 40 0.63±0.12 760.51±185.83 0.84±0.81
    CA 40 0.74±0.10 830.25±147.48 1.63±0.80
    RL 40 0.67±0.12 866.96±188.63 1.01±0.65
    DD 40 0.71±0.11 782.74±149.20 1.51±0.19
    CA 40 0.77±0.08 796.33±207.95 1.71±0.80
    RL 40 0.73±0.12 817.40±227.91 1.59±0.80
    DD 40 0.70±0.10 857.27±155.44 1.29±0.18
    CA 40 0.82±0.10 737.03±194.06 2.05±0.84
    RL 40 0.74±0.10 813.21±171.84 1.89±0.53
    合计 DD 120 0.68±0.10 800.17±168.10 1.21±0.87
    CA 120 0.77±0.99 787.87±187.45 1.80±0.83
    RL 120 0.71±0.11 832.52±198.54 1.50±0.75
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  不同组别儿童干预前后VAS测试得分比较(x±s)

    Table  2.   Comparison of VAS scores between the four groups before and after intervention (x±s)

    组别 人数 正确率 反应时/ms d'值
    干预前 干预后 差值 干预前 干预后 差值 干预前 干预后 差值
    DD 干预组 29 0.63±0.11 0.74±0.10 0.11±0.09 774.27±188.53 765.79±198.31 -8.48±279.46 1.06±0.71 1.53±0.88 0.47±0.81
    对照组 29 0.65±0.14 0.68±0.14 0.04±0.13 776.11±165.94 769.02±174.58 -7.09±224.19 0.96±0.10 1.06±0.97 0.10±1.11
    CA 30 0.78±0.09 0.81±0.94 0.03±0.08 840.07±112.22 827.79±134.06 -12.28±133.76 1.92±0.61 2.17±0.79 0.25±0.90
    RL 30 0.72±0.10 0.76±0.12 0.04±0.10 851.98±194.74 792.62±180.37 -59.37±178.02 1.50±0.59 1.73±0.71 0.23±0.71
    F 12.30 6.87 3.96 1.77 0.81 0.43 10.33 8.90 0.85
    P < 0.01 < 0.01 0.01 0.16 0.49 0.73 < 0.01 < 0.01 0.47
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2021-02-07
  • 修回日期:  2021-05-21
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-12-01
  • 刊出日期:  2021-11-25

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