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体育活动对中国儿童青少年认知灵活性影响的Meta分析

解超 周红萍 金昱

解超, 周红萍, 金昱. 体育活动对中国儿童青少年认知灵活性影响的Meta分析[J]. 中国学校卫生, 2021, 42(11): 1638-1644. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.11.010
引用本文: 解超, 周红萍, 金昱. 体育活动对中国儿童青少年认知灵活性影响的Meta分析[J]. 中国学校卫生, 2021, 42(11): 1638-1644. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.11.010
XIE Chao, ZHOU Hongping, JIN Yu. Effects of physical activities on cognitive flexibility of Chinese children and adolescents: a Meta-analysis[J]. CHINESE JOURNAL OF SCHOOL HEALTH, 2021, 42(11): 1638-1644. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.11.010
Citation: XIE Chao, ZHOU Hongping, JIN Yu. Effects of physical activities on cognitive flexibility of Chinese children and adolescents: a Meta-analysis[J]. CHINESE JOURNAL OF SCHOOL HEALTH, 2021, 42(11): 1638-1644. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.11.010

体育活动对中国儿童青少年认知灵活性影响的Meta分析

doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.11.010
基金项目: 

2019年教育部人文社会科学规划基金项目 19YJA890042

湖北文理学院学科开放基金项目 XK2021015

湖北文理学院教学研究项目 JY2021008

详细信息
    作者简介:

    解超(1984-),男,吉林梅河口人,博士,副教授,主要研究方向为儿童青少年体质

    通讯作者:

    周红萍,E-mail:936662872@qq.com

  • 中图分类号: R179 G806

Effects of physical activities on cognitive flexibility of Chinese children and adolescents: a Meta-analysis

  • 摘要:   目的  系统评价体育活动对中国儿童青少年认知灵活性的影响,为中国学校体育和健康教育领域的相关研究工作提供循证依据。  方法  检索中国知网数据库、维普数据库、万方数据库,Web of ScienceTM核心合集、SPORTDiscus数据库、PubMed数据库、Springer link数据库、Science Direct数据库,收集数据库建库至2021年6月1日的所有文献,共纳入40篇文献。  结果  纳入文献共包括3 262个研究样本,其中实验组1 674人,对照组1 588人。Meta分析结果显示,文献总效应WMD值为121.11,Z=12.37,95%CI=101.91~140.30(P<0.01);学龄儿童亚分组包括32篇文献,合并效应WMD值为126.05,Z=10.42,95%CI=102.34~149.76(P<0.01);青少年亚分组包括8篇文献,合并效应WMD值为104.00,Z=9.72,95%CI=83.02~124.98(P<0.01),体育活动对中国儿童青少年的认知灵活性具有正向影响。采用Meta回归法对学龄儿童组的异质性来源进行检验,结果显示儿童类型t=12.77,95%CI=28.79~39.74(P < 0.01),不同儿童类型是Meta分析学龄儿童亚分组异质性的来源,可解释55.39%的异质性来源。Egger回归分析结果显示,t=0.47,95%CI=-1.48~2.37(P=0.64),纳入的文献不存在发表偏倚。  结论  儿童青少年时期是认识灵活性发展的灵敏期,在此期间进行的体育活动对儿童青少年认知灵活性具有显著的促进作用。
  • 图  1  文献筛选流程

    Figure  1.  Flow chart of the literatures selection process

    图  2  体育活动对儿童青少年认知灵活性影响的Meta分析

    Figure  2.  Meta-analysis of the effects of physical activity on cognitive flexibility in children and adolescents

    图  3  纳入文献的Egger回归分析

    Figure  3.  Egger regression analysis graph

    表  1  纳入文献基本信息

    Table  1.   Basic information of literatures

    第一作者与年份 样本量 年龄/岁 运动方案 运动项目 质量评价
    实验组 对照组 强度 时间/min 频率 周期/周
    Chen[10](2014) 44 43 9~11 (220-年龄)×(60%~70%)HRmax 25 1次 慢跑 A
    陈爱国[11](2014) 40 40 9~10 (220-年龄)×(60%~69%) HRmax 30 1次 篮球 A
    (220-年龄)×(70%~79%) HRmax
    颜军[12](2014) 62 61 9 (220-年龄)×(60%~69%) HRmax 30 1次 健美操 A
    赵中艳[13](2014) 38 39 9~10 (220-年龄)×(60%~69%) HRmax 30 1次 跳绳 B
    冯磊[14](2014) 64 62 9~10 (220-年龄)×(60%~69%) HRmax 30 1次 篮球 B
    赵莉[15](2014) 55 53 9~10 (220-年龄)×(60%~69%) HRmax 30 1次 篮球 B
    (220-年龄)×(70%~79%) HRmax
    吉晓海[16](2014) 110 60 9~10 (220-年龄)×(50%~70%) HRmax 20 1次 乒乓球 B
    殷恒婵[17](2014) 108 108 9~11 (220-年龄)×(40%~80%) HRmax 30 5次/周 20 花样跑步 A
    殷恒婵[18](2015) 86 72 9~11 (220-年龄)×(40%~80%) HRmax 30 3次/周 10 武术、跳绳、8字跑 A
    陈爱国[19](2015) 18 15 11~12 (220-年龄)×(60%~69%) HRmax 40 3次/周 8 花样跳绳 A
    王源[20](2015) 52 51 10~11 (220-年龄)×(60%~69%) HRmax 30 1次 健美操 B
    丁莉[21](2015) 24 25 9~11 (220-年龄)×(60%~69%) HRmax 30 1次 12 恰恰舞 B
    马冬静[22](2015) 40 44 10~12 (220-年龄)×(60%~69%) HRmax 20 3次/周 12 武术操 B
    卫静[23](2015) 30 27 9~11 130~150次/min 30 1次 体育游戏 B
    陈爱国[24](2015) 38 39 8~10 (220-年龄)×(60%~69%) HRmax 30 1次 跳绳 A
    陈爱国[25](2016) 24 22 9~10 (220-年龄)×(60%~69%) HRmax 30 1次 篮球 A
    梁洪英[26](2016) 20 20 9~11 中低强度 40 3次/周 8 身心运动 B
    傅建[27](2016) 49 50 14~17 130~160次/min 27 3次/周 8 体育课教学 A
    张浩[28](2016) 42 43 10~12 (220-年龄)×(60%~69%) HRmax 30 3次/周 8 新思维体育游戏 B
    刘丽丽[29](2016) 21 22 9~11 中等强度 30 2次/周 8 花样跳绳 B
    刘坚[30](2016) 50 50 14~17 130~160次/min 45 3次/周 8 体育课教学 B
    黄玲玲[31](2016) 33 37 15~18 (220-年龄)×(40%~60%) HRmax 27 2次/周 8 体育课教学 B
    余婷婷[32](2016) 29 22 9~12 (220-年龄)×(60%~69%) HRmax 30 3次/周 10 篮球 B
    张佩佩[33](2016) 37 40 10~11 (220-年龄)×(60%~69%) HRmax 40 2次/周 8 软式棒垒球 B
    潘家礼[34](2016) 36 23 8~12 (220-年龄)×(60%~69%) HRmax 30 3次/周 10 合作游戏、武术操、花样踢毽 A
    潘家礼[35](2016) 48 45 8~12 120~140次/min 30 3次/周 10 篮球 A
    李捷良[36](2016) 20 20 9~11 (220-年龄)×(60%~69%) HRmax 45 5次/周 16 支架式网球 B
    陈丽萍[37](2016) 30 30 9~10 (220-年龄)×(60%~69%) HRmax 40 2次/周 8 足球 A
    陈爱国[38](2017) 41 40 8~10 (220-年龄)×(60%~69%) HRmax 40 2次/周 8 足球 A
    缪海红[39](2017) 16 17 9~13 (220-年龄)×(60%~69%) HRmax 40 3次/周 12 足球 A
    邹楠[40](2017) 54 54 7~12 (220-年龄)×(70%~80%) HRmax 30 3次/周 12 篮球、田径、武术 C
    杨红[41](2017) 44 44 13 (220-年龄)×(60%~70%) HRmax 60 2次/周 12 篮球、健美操 B
    王叶琼[42](2018) 16 18 10~11 中等强度 90 2次/周 12 健美操 C
    白阔天[43](2018) 30 30 9~11 (220-年龄)×(60%~69%) HRmax 30 2次/周 8 篮球 B
    张凯[44](2019) 17 15 15~17 (220-年龄)×(70%~80%) HRmax 90 2次/周 10 五体球 B
    张立敏[45](2019) 33 33 7~12 (220-年龄)×(60%~69%) HRmax 45 1次 足球 C
    许庆[46](2020) 74 72 13~14 (220-年龄)×(64%~85%) HRmax 10 4次/周 10 课间健身操 B
    蔡春先[47](2020) 32 32 8~9 (220-年龄)×(80%~90%) HRmax 30 3次/周 8 跳绳 B
    (220-年龄)×(65%~75%) HRmax
    张哲[48](2020) 49 50 13~15 (220-年龄)×(60%~69%) HRmax 30 1次/周 10 灵敏性训练 B
    李亚鲁[49](2020) 20 20 7~8 (220-年龄)×(60%~69%) HRmax 40 2次/周 8 乒乓球 B
    注: HRmax为最大心率。
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  不同研究特征对研究间异质性影响的Meta回归分析(n=32)

    Table  2.   Meta-regression analysis of the influence of different study characteristics on inter-study heterogeneity(n=32)

    变量 β 标准误 t P WMD值95%CI 总异质性I2占比/%
    发表年份 -12.55 8.21 -1.53 0.14 -29.31~4.21 7.62
    运动强度 -6.98 42.45 -0.16 0.87 -93.68~79.72 4.50
    运动时间 -47.74 24.03 -1.99 0.06 -96.82~1.34 15.19
    儿童类型 34.26 2.68 12.77 0.00 28.79~39.74 55.39
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2021-03-04
  • 修回日期:  2021-07-26
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-12-01
  • 刊出日期:  2021-11-25

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