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新冠肺炎疫情期间大学生视疲劳与用眼护眼情况的相关性

张夏雨 王晶晶 苏普玉 曹雅雯 刘茂洁 程钊 陈道俊

张夏雨, 王晶晶, 苏普玉, 曹雅雯, 刘茂洁, 程钊, 陈道俊. 新冠肺炎疫情期间大学生视疲劳与用眼护眼情况的相关性[J]. 中国学校卫生, 2021, 42(7): 1097-1100. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.07.032
引用本文: 张夏雨, 王晶晶, 苏普玉, 曹雅雯, 刘茂洁, 程钊, 陈道俊. 新冠肺炎疫情期间大学生视疲劳与用眼护眼情况的相关性[J]. 中国学校卫生, 2021, 42(7): 1097-1100. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.07.032
ZHANG Xiayu, WANG Jingjing, SU Puyu, CAO Yawen, LIU Maojie, CHENG Zhao, CHEN Daojun. Analysis of correlation between eye strain and eye health behavior in college students during the period of COVID-19 epidemic[J]. CHINESE JOURNAL OF SCHOOL HEALTH, 2021, 42(7): 1097-1100. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.07.032
Citation: ZHANG Xiayu, WANG Jingjing, SU Puyu, CAO Yawen, LIU Maojie, CHENG Zhao, CHEN Daojun. Analysis of correlation between eye strain and eye health behavior in college students during the period of COVID-19 epidemic[J]. CHINESE JOURNAL OF SCHOOL HEALTH, 2021, 42(7): 1097-1100. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.07.032

新冠肺炎疫情期间大学生视疲劳与用眼护眼情况的相关性

doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.07.032
基金项目: 

国家级大学生创新创业训练计划项目 202010366013

安徽高校自然科学研究项目 KJ2019A0229

详细信息
    作者简介:

    张夏雨(2000-), 女, 安徽池州人, 在读本科

    通讯作者:

    陈道俊,E-mail:601360749@qq.com

  • 中图分类号: R179  G647.9  R77

Analysis of correlation between eye strain and eye health behavior in college students during the period of COVID-19 epidemic

  • 摘要:   目的  了解新型冠状病毒肺炎疫情(以下简称新冠疫情)居家学习期间大学生用眼护眼情况与视疲劳的关系, 为促进大学生用眼卫生提供科学依据。  方法  2020年3月1日—7月1日, 采用分层整群抽样方法, 以网上填写问卷调查的方式调查安徽省内8所高校2 671名大学生。调查内容有一般情况、视疲劳症状、日常用眼及护眼情况等。  结果  大学生视疲劳发生率为69.64%。多因素Logistic回归分析显示, 性别、近视、午休习惯、熬夜至2:00、使用护眼液等与视疲劳发生的相关均有统计学意义; 每日户外活动时长、白天看书时长与视疲劳发生的相关均无统计学意义[OR值(OR值95%CI)分别为0.64(0.53~0.76),1.77(1.42~2.20),0.71(0.59~0.86),1.39(1.17~1.65),2.18(1.71~2.79)];每日户外活动时长、白天看书时长与视疲劳发生的相关均无统计学意义(P值均 > 0.05)。  结论  新冠疫情期间大学生群体的视疲劳情况不容乐观, 用眼护眼习惯与视疲劳的发生有关。在特殊的学习环境下, 应该有针对性地开展用眼护眼措施。
  • 表  1  不同组别大学生视疲劳发生率比较

    Table  1.   Baseline data of different college students within asthenopia

    组别 选项 人数 视疲劳人数 χ2 P
    性别 867 537(61.93) 11.73 < 0.01
    1 804 1 323(73.34)
    院校 医学院校 1 016 668(65.75) 11.43 <0.01
    非医学院校 1 655 1 192(72.02)
    生源 农村 1 510 1 004(66.49) 16.27 <0.01
    城镇 1 161 856(73.73)
    近视 2 213 1 595(72.07) 36.26 <0.01
    458 265(57.86)
    注:( )内数字为发生率/%。
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  视疲劳与非视疲劳大学生用眼护眼指标比较(x±s,h)

    Table  2.   Comparisons of eyecare-eyeuse condition in college students in positive and negative (x±s, h)

    组别 人数 白天看书平均时长 晚上看书平均时长 白天看屏幕平均时长 晚上看视屏平均时长 每天看书总时长 每天看视屏总时长 每天户外活动平均时长
    视疲劳 1 860 3.14±1.74 1.73±1.25 5.25±2.02 3.12±1.62 4.19±1.92 7.16±1.95 1.34±1.45
    非视疲劳 811 2.89±1.72 1.49±1.15 5.00±1.99 2.99±1.59 3.87±2.02 6.99±1.97 1.42±1.22
    t 3.50 4.76 2.95 2.05 3.80 2.08 1.35
    P < 0.01 < 0.01 < 0.01 0.41 < 0.01 0.04 0.18
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  不同用眼护眼习惯大学生视疲劳发生率比较

    Table  3.   Comparisons of positive rate in different eyecare-eyeuse habit of college students

    用眼护眼习惯 选项 人数 视疲劳人数 χ2 P
    熬夜到2:00以后 1 327 974(73.40) 17.65 < 0.01
    1 344 886(65.92)
    上网课时门窗 1 145 853(74.50) 22.40 < 0.01
       关闭 1 526 1 007(66.00)
    课间做眼保健操 292 88(30.14) 0.01 0.95
       习惯 2 379 1 656(69.61)
    午休习惯 1 730 1 167(67.46) 11.04 < 0.01
    941 693(73.65)
    使用护眼液习惯 546 446(81.68) 47.11 < 0.01
    2 125 1 414(66.54)
    注:( )内数字为发生率/%。
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  大学生视疲劳影响因素的多因素Logistic逐步回归分析(n=2 671)

    Table  4.   Multivariate Logistic gradual regression analysis of the factors of asthenopia in college students (n=2 671)

    自变量 β 标准误 Wald χ2 P OR值(OR值95%CI)
    性别 -0.45 0.09 24.69 < 0.01 0.64(0.53~0.76)
    近视 0.57 0.11 26.39 < 0.01 1.77(1.42~2.20)
    午休习惯 -0.34 0.10 13.05 < 0.01 0.71(0.59~0.86)
    熬夜到2:00以后 0.33 0.09 13.47 < 0.01 1.39(1.17~1.65)
    使用护眼液 0.78 0.13 0.01 < 0.01 2.18(1.71~2.79)
    课间做眼保健操习惯 0.08 0.15 0.32 0.57 1.09(0.81~1.45)
    户外活动平均时长 -0.06 0.03 2.65 0.10 0.95(0.88~1.01)
    白天看书平均时长 0.04 0.05 0.54 0.46 1.04(0.94~1.14)
    晚上看书平均时长 0.15 0.05 0.05 0.01 1.16(1.04~1.29)
    白天看屏幕平均时长 0.18 0.03 5.48 0.02 1.08(1.05~1.33)
    晚上看屏幕平均时长 -0.00 0.03 0.03 0.97 1.00(0.94~1.01)
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2020-11-25
  • 修回日期:  2021-01-20
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-07-23
  • 刊出日期:  2021-07-25

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