留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

重庆市青春期儿童同伴依恋与生活质量的关系

张菁麟 蒲杨 刁华 金凤 唐银霜 赵影剑 王宏

张菁麟, 蒲杨, 刁华, 金凤, 唐银霜, 赵影剑, 王宏. 重庆市青春期儿童同伴依恋与生活质量的关系[J]. 中国学校卫生, 2021, 42(7): 983-986. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.07.006
引用本文: 张菁麟, 蒲杨, 刁华, 金凤, 唐银霜, 赵影剑, 王宏. 重庆市青春期儿童同伴依恋与生活质量的关系[J]. 中国学校卫生, 2021, 42(7): 983-986. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.07.006
ZHANG Jinglin, PU Yang, DIAO Hua, JIN Feng, TANG Yinshuang, ZHAO Yingjian, WANG Hong.. Relationship between peer attachment and quality of life among adolescents in Chongqing[J]. CHINESE JOURNAL OF SCHOOL HEALTH, 2021, 42(7): 983-986. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.07.006
Citation: ZHANG Jinglin, PU Yang, DIAO Hua, JIN Feng, TANG Yinshuang, ZHAO Yingjian, WANG Hong.. Relationship between peer attachment and quality of life among adolescents in Chongqing[J]. CHINESE JOURNAL OF SCHOOL HEALTH, 2021, 42(7): 983-986. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.07.006

重庆市青春期儿童同伴依恋与生活质量的关系

doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.07.006
基金项目: 

教育部人文社会科学研究规划基金项目 17YJA840015

详细信息
    作者简介:

    张菁麟(1995-), 女, 四川内江人, 在读硕士, 主要研究方向为儿童青少年卫生与健康

    通讯作者:

    王宏, E-mail: wangh111111@aliyun.com

  • 中图分类号: R179  G444  B844.2

Relationship between peer attachment and quality of life among adolescents in Chongqing

  • 摘要:   目的  测定重庆市某区青春期儿童同伴依恋与生活质量的关系,为开展青春期儿童生活质量的干预提供科学依据。  方法  采用分层整群抽样的方法,于2017年12月在重庆市綦江区抽取5所中学和6所小学共6 073名调查对象,运用修订版青少年依恋问卷(IPPA-R)中文版同伴依恋分量表、青春期儿童生活质量量表进行调查。  结果  安全依恋型学生的生活质量总分为(144.97±17.39)分,高于不安全依恋型学生的(136.45±17.75)分(t=18.90,P < 0.01)。安全依恋型学生生活质量中的生理、心理、社会、青春期4个维度得分高于不安全依恋型的学生(t值分别为6.51,9.12,20.66,18.26,P值均 < 0.05)。多因素逐步回归分析结果显示,同伴依恋与青春期儿童生理、心理、社会、青春期4个维度及生活质量总分正相关均有统计学意义(B值分别为0.28,0.03,0.05,0.14,0.05,P值均 < 0.05)。  结论  青春期儿童同伴依恋与生活质量总分及部分维度存在正相关,提高青春期儿童同伴依恋的安全性有助于提高生活质量。
  • 表  1  不同性别和学段学生同伴依恋得分比较(x±s)

    Table  1.   Scores of peer attachment of students of different genders and academic periods(x±s)

    组别 选项 人数 统计值 信任 沟通 疏远 同伴依恋总分
    性别 3 152 29.22±8.05 22.81±7.22 25.98±4.99 78.02±13.74
    2 921 31.20±7.48 25.05±7.19 25.83±4.72 82.09±14.34
    t -9.90 -12.11 1.18 -11.29
    P 0.00 0.00 0.24 0.00
    学段 小学 2 807 28.60±8.51 22.68±7.74 26.89±5.28 78.18±14.65
    初中 3 266 31.53±6.94 24.92±6.72 25.08±4.30 81.52±13.57
    t -14.76 -12.03 14.75 -9.18
    P 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  不同类型同伴依恋学生生活质量得分比较(x±s)

    Table  2.   Comparison of quality of life scores of different types of peer attachment(x±s)

    组别 人数 生活质量总分 生理维度 心理维度 社会维度 青春期维度
    不安全型依恋 3 043 136.45±17.75 29.54±5.15 37.87±6.66 49.02±8.69 20.02±3.60
    安全型依恋 3 030 144.97±17.39 30.40±5.11 39.42±6.42 53.45±7.99 21.73±3.69
    t -18.90 -6.51 -9.12 -20.66 -18.26
    P 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  学生同伴依恋对生活质量总分及各维度影响的多元线性回归分析(n=6 073)

    Table  3.   Multiple linear regression analysis of peer attachment on total score of quality of life and various dimensions(n=6 073)

    因变量 自变量 B 标准误 t P
    生活质量总分 同伴依恋总分 0.28 0.02 17.31 0.00
    信任 0.19 0.03 6.46 0.00
    沟通 0.33 0.03 10.71 0.00
    疏远 0.90 0.04 20.99 0.00
    生理 同伴依恋总分 0.03 0.01 5.71 0.00
    信任 -0.01 0.01 -1.47 0.14
    沟通 0.01 0.01 0.74 0.46
    疏远 0.20 0.01 15.62 0.00
    心理 同伴依恋总分 0.05 0.01 8.44 0.00
    信任 -0.01 0.01 -0.96 0.34
    沟通 0.02 0.01 1.74 0.08
    疏远 0.36 0.02 21.61 0.00
    社会 同伴依恋总分 0.14 0.01 18.95 0.00
    信任 0.15 0.01 10.66 0.00
    沟通 0.22 0.02 14.69 0.00
    疏远 0.27 0.02 13.03 0.00
    青春期 同伴依恋总分 0.05 0.00 15.04 0.00
    信任 0.07 0.01 10.11 0.00
    沟通 0.09 0.01 12.95 0.00
    疏远 0.06 0.01 6.32 0.00
    下载: 导出CSV
  • [1] 琚晓燕, 刘宣文, 方晓义. 青少年父母、同伴依恋与社会适应性的关系[J]. 心理发展与教育, 2011, 27(2): 174-180. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-XLFZ201102012.htm

    JU X Y, LIU X W, FANG X Y. Research on adolescent parents and peer attachement in relation to self-esteem and social adaptation[J]. Psychol Dev Educ, 2011, 27(2): 174-180. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-XLFZ201102012.htm
    [2] ELIZABETH M, JEAN-FRANÇOIS B, CHARLES F. Mother-child attachment from infancy to the preschool years: predicting security and stability[J]. Child Dev, 2018, 89(3): 1022-1038. doi: 10.1111/cdev.12778
    [3] AMANDA B N, RICHARD J N. Parent and peer attachment in late childhood and early adolescence[J]. J Early Adolesc, 2005, 25(2): 223-249. doi: 10.1177/0272431604274174
    [4] 杨海燕, 蔡太生, 何影. 父母依恋和同伴依恋与高中生行为问题的关系[J]. 中国临床心理学杂志, 2010, 18(1): 106-108. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-ZLCY201001036.htm

    YANG H Y, CAI T S, HE Y. Parent attachment, peers attachment and high school students' behavior problems[J]. Chin J Clin Psychol, 2010, 18(1): 106-108. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-ZLCY201001036.htm
    [5] 邓伟, 朱志惠. 高中生父母同伴依恋与网络成瘾的关系[J]. 中国健康心理学杂志, 2018, 26(5): 746-750. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-JKXL201805029.htm

    DENG W, ZHU Z H. Relation of parent and peer attachment to Internet addiction among high school students[J]. Chin J Health Psychol, 2018, 26(5): 746-750. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-JKXL201805029.htm
    [6] YUKSEK, SOLAKOGLU. The relative influence of parental attachment, peer attachment, school attachment, and school alienation on delinquency among high school students in turkey[J]. Deviant Behav, 2016, 37(7): 723-747. doi: 10.1080/01639625.2015.1062683
    [7] 刁华, 冉敏, 杨静薇, 等. 同伴依恋在青春期知-信-行与心理弹性关系中的调节作用[J]. 上海交通大学学报(医学版), 2020, 40(8): 1120-1125. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-8115.2020.08.020

    DIAO H, RAN M, YANG J W, et al. Moderating role of peer attachment in the relationship between adolescent knowledge-attitude-practice and psychological resilience[J]. J Shanghai Jiaotong Univ(Med Sci), 2020, 40(8): 1120-1125. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-8115.2020.08.020
    [8] SHANKAR A, MCMUNN A, DEMAKAKOS P, et al. Social isolation and loneliness: prospective associations with functional status in older adults[J]. Health Psychol, 2017, 36(2): 179-187. doi: 10.1037/hea0000437
    [9] 连帅磊, 孙晓军, 田媛, 等. 青少年同伴依恋对抑郁的影响: 朋友社会支持和自尊的中介作用[J]. 心理科学, 2016, 39(5): 1116-1122. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-XLKX201605015.htm

    LIAN S L, SUN X J, TIAN Y, et al. The effects of peer attachment on depression in adolescents: the mediating role of friend social support and self-esteem[J]. J Psychol Sci, 2016, 39(5): 1116-1122. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-XLKX201605015.htm
    [10] SU S B, LI X M, LIN D H, et al. Future orientation, social support, and psychological adjustment among left-behind children in rural China: a longitudinal study[J]. Front Psychol, 2017, 8: 1309. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2017.01309
    [11] YE M, LYU M M, LI L Z, et al. The psychological problems and related influential factors of left-behind adolescents (LBA) in Hunan, China: a cross sectional study[J]. Int J Equ Health, 2017, 16(1): 163. doi: 10.1186/s12939-017-0639-2
    [12] 谢芳, 杨齐. 四川绵阳农村学前留守儿童生活质量研究[J]. 南方论刊, 2015(8): 55-58. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1004-1133.2015.08.018

    XIE F, YANG Q. Study on the quality of life of pre-school left-behind children in Mianyang, Sichuan[J]. Nanfang Lunkan, 2015(8): 55-58. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1004-1133.2015.08.018
    [13] ARMSDEN G C, GREENBERG M T. The inventory of parent and peer attachment: individual differences and their relationship to psychological well-being in adolescence[J]. J Youth Adolesc, 1987, 16(5): 427-454. doi: 10.1007/BF02202939
    [14] 张迎黎, 张亚林, 张迎新, 等. 修订版青少年依恋问卷中文版在初中生中应用的信效度[J]. 中国心理卫生杂志, 2011, 25(1): 66-70. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-6729.2011.01.015

    ZHANG Y L, ZANG Y L, ZHANG Y X, et al. Reliability and validity of Chinese version of revised inventory of parent and peer attachment in junior students[J]. Chin J Ment Health, 2011, 25(1): 66-70. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-6729.2011.01.015
    [15] 程绪婷. 重庆某区青春发动时相提前儿童生活质量及其影响因素的研究[D]. 重庆: 重庆医科大学, 2017.

    CHENG X T. Quality of life and its influencing factors on childern in early pubertal timing in Chongqing[D]. Chongqing: Chongqing Medical University, 2017.
    [16] 刁华, 王宏, 杨连建, 等. 青春期儿童生活质量量表在留守儿童中的应用考评[J]. 上海交通大学学报(医学版), 2019, 39(10): 1188-1193. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-8115.2019.10.015

    DIAO H, WANG H, YANG L J, et al. Evaluation of adolescents' quality of life scale on reliability and validity in left-behind children[J]. J Shanghai Jiaotong Univ(Med Sci), 2019, 39(10): 1188-1193. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-8115.2019.10.015
    [17] GORRESE A, RUGGIERI R. Peer attachment: a meta-analytic review of gender and age differences and associations with parent attachment[J]. J Youth Adolesc, 2012, 41(5): 650-672. doi: 10.1007/s10964-012-9759-6
    [18] RUIJTEN T, ROELOFS J, ROOD L. The mediating role of rumination in the relation between quality of attachment relations and depressive symptoms in non-clinical adolescents[J]. J Child Fam Stud, 2011, 20(4): 452-459. doi: 10.1007/s10826-010-9412-5
    [19] RICHARDS R, MCGEE R, WILLIAMS S M, et al. Adolescent screen time and attachment to parents and peers[J]. Arch Pediatr AMP Adolesc Med, 2010, 164(3): 258-262. doi: 10.1001/archpediatrics.2009.280
    [20] 陈立夫. 父母婚姻冲突与高中生主观幸福感: 依恋的中介作用[D]. 西安: 陕西师范大学, 2017.

    CHEN L F. Parental marital conflict and subjective well-being of high school students: the mediating role of attachment[D]. Xi'an: Shaanxi Normal University, 2017.
    [21] 张洋洋. 青少年人格特质与同伴依恋的关系对互联网社交服务使用偏好的影响研究[D]. 南京: 南京师范大学, 2012.

    ZHANG Y Y. The influence of adolescent personality traits and peer attachment on Internet social service use preference[D]. Nanjing: Nanjing Normal University, 2012.
    [22] PATTON G C, VINER R. Pubertal transitions in health[J]. Lancet(London, England), 2007, 369(9567): 1130-1139. http://eurpub.oxfordjournals.org/lookup/external-ref?access_num=17398312&link_type=MED&atom=%2Feurpub%2F21%2F1%2F63.atom
    [23] 李小青, 邹泓, 刘艳, 等. 中学生同伴依恋的特点及其与友谊质量的关系: 社会交往目标的中介作用[J]. 心理发展与教育, 2009, 25(3): 32-38. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-XLFZ200903006.htm

    LI X Q, ZOU H, LIU Y, et al. The characteristics of students' peer attachment and its relationship with friendship quality: social goals as a mediator[J]. Psychol Dev Educ, 2009, 25(3): 32-38. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-XLFZ200903006.htm
    [24] JEREMY O, NEIL H, JUDITH H. The role of parental and peer attachment relationships and school connectedness in predicting adolescent mental health outcomes[J]. Child Adolesc Ment Health, 2016, 21(1): 21-29. doi: 10.1111/camh.12108
    [25] 金晶. 初中生依恋、主观幸福感及自尊的关系研究[D]. 长沙: 湖南师范大学, 2012.

    JIN J. A Study on the relationship of junior high school students' attachment, subjective well-being and self-esteem[D]. Changsha: Hunan Normal University, 2012.
    [26] 栗晓东. 农村初中生失败恐惧与依恋、主观幸福感的关系研究[D]. 石家庄: 河北师范大学, 2011.

    LI X D. Rural junior middle school students' fear of failure and attachment, the ralationship between subjective sense of happiness[D]. Shijiazhuang: Hebei Normal University, 2011.
    [27] 邓林园, 马博辉, 武永新. 初中生依恋与主观幸福感: 自尊的中介作用[J]. 心理发展与教育, 2015, 31(2): 230-238. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-XLFZ201502013.htm

    DENG L Y, MA B H, WU Y X. Attachment and subjective well-being of junior middle school students: the mediating role of self esteem[J]. Psychol Dev Educ, 2015, 31(2): 230-238. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-XLFZ201502013.htm
    [28] 王娟, 邹泓, 侯珂, 等. 青少年家庭功能对其主观幸福感的影响: 同伴依恋和亲社会行为的序列中介效应[J]. 心理科学, 2016, 39(6): 1406-1412. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-XLKX201606019.htm

    WANG J, ZOU H, HOU K, et al. The effect of family function on adolescents' subjective well-being: the sequential mediation effect of peer attachment and prosocial behavior[J]. J Psychol Sci, 2016, 39(6): 1406-1412. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-XLKX201606019.htm
    [29] 姚宗彪, 李放. 初中生依恋与学习主观幸福感的关系及性别的调节效应[J]. 亚太教育, 2016(2): 143. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-YATA201602116.htm

    YAO Z B, LI F. The relationship between attachment and subjective well-being of junior middle school students and the moderating effect of gender[J]. Asia-Pacific Educ, 2016(2): 143. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-YATA201602116.htm
    [30] 张国华, 雷雳. 青少年的同伴依恋自我认同与网络成瘾的关系[J]. 中国学校卫生, 2008, 29(5): 454-455. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-9817.2008.05.023

    ZHANG G H, LEI L. The relationship between peer attachment self-identity and Internet addiction in adolescents[J]. Chin J Sch Health, 2008, 29(5): 454-455. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-9817.2008.05.023
    [31] 史朝霞. 青少年依恋发展性研究[D]. 南京: 南京师范大学, 2006.

    SHI Z X. Urban adolescents' parent and peer attachment: a developmental perspective[D]. Nanjing: Nanjing Normal University, 2006.
    [32] 周梅. 青少年父母养育方式与同伴依恋的相关研究[J]. 中国健康心理学杂志, 2012, 20(11): 1712-1714. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-JKXL201211054.htm

    ZHOU M. Relationship between parental rearing patterns and peer attachment of adolescents[J]. Chin J Health Psychol, 2012, 20(11): 1712-1714. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-JKXL201211054.htm
    [33] 刘方松, 崔子扬, 王新红, 等. 农村儿童同伴依恋和孤独感对自尊的影响[J]. 中国学校卫生, 2020, 41(2): 232-234, 238. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2020.02.019

    LIU F S, CUI Z Y, WANG X H, et al. Effect of peer attachment and loneliness on self-esteem among children in rural area[J]. Chin J Sch Health, 2020, 41(2): 232-234, 238. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2020.02.019
  • 加载中
表(3)
计量
  • 文章访问数:  433
  • HTML全文浏览量:  187
  • PDF下载量:  44
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2020-10-10
  • 修回日期:  2021-01-12
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-07-23
  • 刊出日期:  2021-07-25

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回