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大学生日常体力活动与睡眠质量的关系

焦阳 刘洲 张晓丹

焦阳, 刘洲, 张晓丹. 大学生日常体力活动与睡眠质量的关系[J]. 中国学校卫生, 2021, 42(7): 1047-1051. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.07.020
引用本文: 焦阳, 刘洲, 张晓丹. 大学生日常体力活动与睡眠质量的关系[J]. 中国学校卫生, 2021, 42(7): 1047-1051. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.07.020
JIAO Yang, LIU Zhou, ZHANG Xiaodan. Relationship between daily physical activity and sleep quality among college students[J]. CHINESE JOURNAL OF SCHOOL HEALTH, 2021, 42(7): 1047-1051. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.07.020
Citation: JIAO Yang, LIU Zhou, ZHANG Xiaodan. Relationship between daily physical activity and sleep quality among college students[J]. CHINESE JOURNAL OF SCHOOL HEALTH, 2021, 42(7): 1047-1051. doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.07.020

大学生日常体力活动与睡眠质量的关系

doi: 10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.07.020
基金项目: 

中国大学生体协科研项目 201713512

天津市高校人文社科项目 2017SK069

详细信息
    作者简介:

    焦阳(1995-),女,天津市人,在读硕士,主要研究方向为体质健康促进

    通讯作者:

    张晓丹,E-mail: zxd331@hotmail.com

  • 中图分类号: R179  G647.8  G806

Relationship between daily physical activity and sleep quality among college students

  • 摘要:   目的  探讨新冠肺炎疫情期大学生日常体力活动与睡眠质量的关系,为改善大学生体质健康与睡眠状况提供科学依据。  方法  采用分层随机抽样的方法,于2020年3月从北京、天津、武汉各选2所高校(体育类/非体育类各1所)共2 808名在校大学生作为调查对象。利用匹兹堡睡眠质量指数量表(PSQI)以及Bouchard体力活动日记采集受试者睡眠状况及睡眠时间(SD)、久坐行为(SED)、低强度体力活动(LPA)和中高强度体力活动(MVPA)情况。采用Mann-Whitney U检验或Kruskal-Wallis检验分析大学生各项指标之间参数的差异,采用多元Logistic回归分析体力活动与睡眠质量的关系。  结果  疫情期间男生MVPA时间(0.5 h)高于女生(0 h)(Z=-4.21,P<0.01);≤18岁学生的SED时间(11.1 h)高于19~21岁及以上学生(9.3, 10.3 h)(F=7.90,P<0.05);居住在城市、城乡结合的学生SED(10.5, 9.5 h)高于农村学生(9.0 h)(F值分别为9.56,10.73,P值均<0.01);体育专业学生的LPA、MVPA时间(3.9,1.0 h)高于非体育专业学生(3.0,0 h),SED及睡眠时间(8.3,9.8 h)均低于非体育专业学生(11.1,11.1 h)(Z值分别为-2.99,-4.73,-4.73,-2.42,P值均<0.01)。睡眠质量一般和睡眠障碍学生的LPA时间均低于睡眠质量好的学生,SED时间均高于睡眠质量好的学生(F值分别为7.67,8.62,P值均<0.05)。控制性别、年龄、居住地、专业等因素后,多元Logistic回归分析显示,LPA时间不足易增加睡眠障碍的风险(OR=0.84,95%CI=0.71~0.99,P<0.05)。  结论  新冠肺炎疫情期大学生普遍存在久坐时间过长、体力活动不足等问题,睡眠质量也不容乐观,低强度体力活动不足可能会增加睡眠障碍的风险。
  • 表  1  不同组别大学生每天体力活动时间比较[M(P25P75),h]

    Table  1.   Comparison of physical activity of college students with different characteristics[M(P25, P75), h]

    组别 选项 人数 统计值 SD SED LPA MVPA
    性别 1 416 9.3(8.3,10.5) 9.0(6.3,12.5) 3.0(1.8,5.5) 0.5(0,2.3)
    1 392 9.3(8.3,10.8) 10.0(7.8,12.3) 3.3(1.8,5.4) 0(0,0.8)
    Z -0.14 -1.36 -0.55 -4.21
    P 0.88 0.17 0.58 0.00
    年龄/岁 ≤18 288 8.6(8.1,9.9) 11.1(9.6,12.9) 3.0(2.3,4.0) 0(0,0.5)
    19~21 2 196 9.5(8.5,10.8) 9.3(6.8,12.3)** 3.3(1.8,5.8) 0(0,1.5)
    ≥22 324 9.0(8.3,12.0) 10.3(6.3,13.0) 2.8(1.8,5.3) 0.5(0,2.0)
    F 4.26 7.90 1.33 4.18
    P 0.11 0.01 0.51 0.12
    居住地 城市 1 428 9.0(8.3,10.5) 10.5(7.8,13.0) 3.0(1.8,5.3) 0(0,1.0)
    农村 828 10.0(8.8,11.5)## 9.0(6.0,10.8)## 3.3(1.8,6.0) 0.5(0,1.6)
    城乡结合 552 9.3(8.2,10.3)a 9.5(7.2,11.8) 3.3(2.3,5.8) 0.3(0,2.0)
    F 10.73 9.56 1.78 1.99
    P 0.00 0.00 0.41 0.37
    专业 体育专业 1 296 9.8(8.8,11.0) 8.3(6.1,10.8) 3.9(2.3,6.4) 1.0(0,2.3)
    非体育专业 1 512 11.1(8.5,13.0) 11.1(8.5,13.0) 3.0(1.7,4.5) 0(0,0.5)
    Z -2.42 -4.73 -2.99 -4.73
    P 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00
    注:与≤18岁学生相比,** P<0.01;与城市学生相比,## P<0.01;与农村学生相比,a为P<0.05。
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  疫情期每天不同睡眠质量大学生体力活动时间比较[M(P25P75), h]

    Table  2.   Comparison of physical activity among college students with different sleep quality during the epidemic period[M(P25, P75), h]

    组别 人数 SD SED LPA MVPA
    睡眠质量好 1 548 9.3(8.3,10.8) 9.0(6.4,11.6) 3.8(2.3,6.0) 0.0(0.0,2.0)
    睡眠质量一般 912 8.8(8.3,10.5) 10.9(7.8,13.0)* 2.5(1.8,4.7)* 0.5(0.0,1.0)
    睡眠障碍 348 9.8(8.4,11.9) 10.0(7.1,12.4)* 3.0(0.4,4.0)* 0.0(0.0,1.1)
    F 2.21 8.62 7.67 1.46
    P 0.33 0.01 0.02 0.48
    注:与睡眠质量好组相比,*P<0.05。
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  大学生体力活动与睡眠质量的多元Logistic回归分析(n=2 808)

    Table  3.   Multivariate Logistic regression analysis of physical activity and sleep quality(n=2 808)

    自变量 睡眠质量一般 睡眠障碍
    β Wald χ2 P OR值(OR值95%CI) β Wald χ2 P OR值(OR值95%CI)
    SD -0.02 0.11 0.74 0.98 (0.86~1.12) 0.12 2.25 0.13 1.13 (0.96~1.33)
    SED 0.10 3.35 0.07 1.10 (0.99~1.20) 0.06 0.67 0.41 1.06 (0.93~1.21)
    LPA -0.10 3.13 0.08 0.91 (0.82~1.01) -0.17 4.13 0.03 0.84 (0.71~0.99)
    MVPA -0.21 2.63 0.10 0.81 (0.63~1.04) 0.02 0.02 0.88 1.02 (0.77~1.37)
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2021-02-14
  • 修回日期:  2021-06-06
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-07-23
  • 刊出日期:  2021-07-25

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